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Chapter 6

Urinary System

urinary system removes waste material from the body, regulates fluid volume, maintains electrolyte concentration
kidneys two bean-shaped organs located on each side of the vertebral column on the posterior wall
nephron urine-producuing microscope structure. 1 mill on each kidney
glomerulus cluster of capillaries at the entrance of the nephron.
renal pelvis funnel-shaped reservoir that collects the urine and passes it to the ureter
hilum indentation on the medial side of the kidney where the renal artery, vein, and pelvis are
ureters two slender tubes, approximately 10 to 13 inches long, that receive the urine from the kidneys and carry it to the bladder
urinary bladder muscular, hollow organ that temporarily holds the urine
urethra lowest part of the urinary tract, through which the urine passes from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body
urinary meatus opening through which the urine passes to the outside
cyst/o, vesic/o bladder, sac
glomerul/o glomerulus
meat/o meatus
nephr/o, ren/o kidney
pyel/o renal pelvis
ureter/o ureter
urethr/o urethra
albumin/o albumin
azot/o urea, nitrogen
blast/o developing cell, germ cell
glyc/o, glycos/o sugar
hydro/o water
lith/o stone, calculus
noct/i night
olig/o scanty, few
urin/o, ur/o urine, urinary tract
-iasis, -esis condition
-lysis loosening, dissolution, separating
-ptosis drooping, sagging, prolapse
-rrhaphy suturing, repairing
-tripsy surgical crushing
-trophy nourishment, development
-uria urine, urination
-magaly enlargement
cystocele protrusion of the bladder
cystolith stone in the bladder
pyelonephritis inflammation of the renal pelvis and the kidney
ureterostenosis narrowing of the ureter
epispadias congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is located on the upper surface of the penis
hypospadias congenital defect in which the urinary meatus is located on the underside of the penis
cystolithotomy incision into the bladder to remove stones
nephrolysis separating the kidney from other body structures
pyelolithotomy incision into the renal pelvis to remove stones
urinometer instrument to measure specific gravity in urine
intravenous urogram (IVU) radiographic image of the urinary tract
cystoscopy visual examination of the bladder
blood urea nitrogen (BUN) blood test that measures the amount of urea in the blood
creatinine blood test that measures the amount of creatinine in the blood
urinalysis (UA) multiple routine tests performed on a urine specimen for overall health
anuria absence of urine
diuresis condition of urine passing through
glycosuria sugar in the urine
oliguria scanty urine
catheter (cath) flexible, tubelike device, such as urinary catheter, for withdrawing of instilling fluids
incontinence inability to control the bladder and or bowels
stricture abnormal narrowing, such as a urethral stricture
void to empty or evacuate waste material , especially urine
BUN blood urea nitrogen
IVU intravenous urogram
UA urinalysis
UTI urinary tract infection
Created by: 1369322229760607