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6th Grade

Unit 3: HEI-Human Environment Interaction

What is the spreading of dry lands or desert-like conditions into non-dry or vegetated areas called? desertification
What are possible side effects of desertification? harming plants, killing plants and animals, ruining cropland, ruining towns, drought
Give examples of how people adapt to living in polar climates. Heavier clothing and boots, sledding, snowmobiling, four wheel drive vehicles, rely on fishing industry, etc. answers will vary
Give examples of how people adapt to living in tropical climates. Shorts and bathing suits, live near water, grow citrus fruits, use more sunscreen, scuba diving and boating, etc. answers will vary
What do you call any material found in nature that people use and value? natural resource
What are negative ways people impact the environment? air pollution, noise pollution, hunting endangered species, littering, oil spills, land fills, having too much trash, deforestation, etc.
What are positive ways people impact the environment? stricter hunting laws, recycling, reforestation, using reusable shopping bags, etc.
Give examples of natural resources. water, trees, oil, etc.
What are some energy resources we use on earth? coal, sun, oil, petroleum
What are some alternatives to using fossil fuels for energy? solar power, wind power from windmills, geothermal energy, hydroelectric power from water, etc.
What are resources that can be replaced naturally called? renewable resources
What are resources that cannot be replaced that quickly or ever called? nonrenewable resources
What do you call nonrenewable resources formed from the remains of ancient plants and animals? fossil fuels
Give some examples of renewable resources. trees, air and water
Give some examples of fossil fuels. natural gas, coal and oil
What is the production of electricity by moving water called? hydroelectric power
What do you call the loss of forests or clear cutting of forests? deforestation
What do you call planting trees to replace lost forestlands? reforestation
What is a dark liquid used to make fuels and other products highly consumed in the USA? petroleum/oil
What are solid substances in the Earth's crust that have to be mined for? minerals
Give examples of some minerals. Uranium, copper, rocks, gemstones, salt, iron, etc.
Give some examples of nonrenewable resources. Fossil fuels and minerals, oil, coal
What do you call adjusting to the environment conditions in which you live? adaptation
What do you call producing crops (farming) and/or raising livestock? agriculture
What do you call your surroundings? environment
What do you call a group of plants and animals that depend on each other for survival and the environment in which they live? ecosystem
What is the source of energy for all living things? sun
What is it called when a species close to dying out? endangered
What do you call it when a species dies out? extinction
What is it called when you try to use less of a resource? conservation
Give examples of how you can conserve water and/or energy? Turn off faucets, turn off lights, carpool, etc.
This fossil fuel is found deep within the ground and used to make gasoline. Petroleum
The USA is the biggest user of this nonrenewable resource used to power engines sometimes referred to as black gold. Oil
The using up of a resource. Consumption
What is an invasive species? A species not normally found in a habitat that adapts there and can cause harm or bring disease to the native species.
What are some ways endangered species are being helped? captive breeding; animal reserves
Name three types of pollution. Air, noise, land, water, soil
What do you call the human response to making sure there are enough natural resources for future generations on Earth? sustainability
What do you call the supply of water to land or crops to help growth, typically by means of channels? irrigation
What is it called when you change an environment to fit your needs? modification
The variety of life in a particular habitat or ecosystem that keeps balance in the environment. biodiversity
Created by: comstockpark
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