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SS Statement TWO

Chapter 2 - Ancient Eastern Civilizations

TermDefinition
civilization an organized society with cities, a government, workers who specialize in certain jobs, social classes, religion, technologies, agriculture practices and products all characterized by writing, art and the development of culture
geography the physical characteristics, especially the surface features of an area; landforms
government form or system of rule by which a community, city, state, or nation is governed
economy deals with the production of goods, trading of goods and services, and distribution of wealth
social structure the organization of groups of people in a society and the relationships between these groups, often represented by a pyramid
agriculture farming; the science of growing crops and raising livestock for food
culture people's learned behavior and ways of life, including their language, beliefs, customs, and practices
enduring influence long term effects; impact can be seen many years, decade, or centuries later
irrigation creation of man-made waterways to carry water from rivers to fields to assist in the growing of crops
religion a set of beliefs about the nature of the universe, the existence of God or several gods, the meaning of life, and moral codes of behavior
technology any way of putting knowledge to practical use to make something or solve a problem
trade buying, selling, or exchanging goods within a country or between countries
river valleys provided sources of water, habitat for plants and animals, means of transportation, protection from invasions, and access to natural resources
surplus extra; leftover amount after demand has been met
landforms rivers, valleys, deserts, and mountains, etc.
annual flooding during early civilizations this replenished the soil by dumping nutrient rich silt onto the banks of the rivers
politics government
prehistory period of time before recorded history and the development of writing
Agricultural Revolution characterized by the discovery of farming
specialize to become and expert in a particular subject, skill or trade
silt a fine, fertile soil carried by running water and deposited on land
domesticate tame a wild animal to keep as a pet or farm animal
nomads people who travel from place to place without a permanent home
artisan a person who produces unique goods for use and trade