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18-19 Chapter 12

18-19 Chapter 12 - The Jackson Era

TermDefinition
nominating conventions Public meetings to select a party's presidential and vice presidential candidates.
Jacksonian Democracy The democratic expansion that occurred during Jackson's presidency which gave more power to the people, instead of a few wealthy individuals.
Democratic Party A party formed by supporters of Andrew Jackson.
John C. Calhoun Jackson's Vice President and author of a document to advance state's rights.
spoils system The practice of rewarding political supporters with government jobs.
Martin Van Buren The secretary of state in Jackson's cabinet, would later go on to become president.
Kitchen Cabinet An informal group of Jackson's trusted advisers that sometimes met in the White House kitchen.
Tariff of Abominations A tariff with very high rates.
state's rights doctrine The belief that state power should be greater than federal power.
nullification crisis The dispute over whether states had the right to nullify, or disobey, any federal law with which they disagreed.
Daniel Webster A senator from Massachusetts who spoke out against nullification and believed that nation had to stay united.
McCulloch v. Maryland The case in which the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the Second Bank of the United States was constitutional.
Whig Party A political group supported by people who opposed Andrew Jackson.
Panic of 1837 A financial crisis that led to a severe economic crisis during the presidency of Martin Van Buren.
William Henry Harrison A general and the Whig presidential candidate in 1840. He is elected president, but dies of complications from pneumonia on his 32nd day in office, becoming the first president to die as president.
criteria basic requirements
favorite son a candidate for national office who has support mostly from his or her home state
plurality the largest number of something, but less than a majority
majority greater than half of a total number of something
mudslinging a method in election campaigns that uses gossip and lies to make an opponent look bad
bureaucracy a part of government in which specialized tasks are carried out by appointed officials rather than by elected ones
facilitate to help make happen
veto to reject a bill and prevent it from becoming law
institution an organization that has an important purpose in society
symbol a word or object that stands for something else
relocate relating to a national government
survive to continue existing or living after nearly being destroyed
federal relating to a national government
Created by: dacoburn