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Chapter 4

The Human Body

The _____________ is the muscular tube that connects the mouth to the stomach. esophagus
A hard organ made of 3 types of tissue is a______. bone
Blood vessels that return blood to the heart are ________. veins
The muscle that causes breathing is the ______. diaphragm
A________ is an organ made of bundles of fibers. muscle
Blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart are __________. arteries
A tiny, thin walled blood vessel is a _________. capillary
__________ is the liquid in which blood cells travel. Plasma
What is the place called where 2 bones meet? joint
What is the name of the stringy tissue that connects bones? tendons
What part of the blood helps clot the blood and stop bleeding? platelets
What part of the blood fights germs? white blood cells
What type of joint is the elbow and the knee? hinge joint
What type of muscle is found in the heart? cardiac
What kind of muscle is attached to the arms and legs and helps us move? skeletal
What part of the blood carries oxygen to all the cells? red blood cells
What tissue connects muscles to bones? tendons
What kind of muscle is found in the stomach? smooth
Where does the process of digestion begin? in the mouth
What tube connects your mouth or nose to your lungs? trachea
What type of joint are the hips and shoulders? ball and socket
What system carries blood to and from all body cells? circulatory
What system moves the body? muscular
What system sends and receives messages to and from all body parts? nervous
What system provides nutrients to the body? digestive
What system brings in oxygen and gets rid of carbon dioxide? respiratory
What system protects organs and gives the body shape? skeletal
How could a spinal cord injury affect the rest of your body? You could become paralyzed.
How does the blood travel through the body? heart, arteries, capillaries, veins, heart
Which body system is most affected by smoking and why? Respiratory because smoking affects the lungs and how we breathe.
How do the shoulder and knee joints work differently? The shoulder can move in all directions (ball and socket), the knee can only move up and down (hinge).
Created by: Mrs. Furlong