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6th Grade

Unit 2: Physical Geography

QuestionAnswer
Which theme of geography describes the special human and/or physical features of a location that make it different? Place
Which theme describes areas that share common characteristics such as climate or vegetation? Region
What are the two types of place? Human and Physical
What are physical places? Places made by nature like landforms.
What are human places? Places made by humans like schools, malls and cities.
What do you call shapes on the earth's surface? Landforms
What is the process by which rock is broken down into smaller pieces? Weathering
What is the movement of sediment from one location to another? Erosion
What types of landforms do most people choose to live? Lakes, rivers and plains
What is the largest mountain chain in South America? Andes Mts.
What is the largest mountain chain in North America? Rocky Mts.
The Rio Grande forms the border between what two countries? USA and Mexico
The Hudson Bay is the biggest bay in what North American country? Canada
Central America is one of these because it is a narrow strip of land joining two larger sections of land. Isthmus
Michigan is this type of landform. Peninsula
What is an archipelago? Chain of islands
Where in the world could you find an archipelago? Hawaii, Caribbean Islands, Philippines, Alaska's Aleutian Islands, Bahamas
The collision of these is how huge mountains are created. continental plates
This theme of geography explains where places are. location
This type of location tells where something exactly is located. Absolute
This type of location gives a general description of where something is. Relative
Name the cardinal directions. north, south, east, west
These imaginary lines make up the global grid. latitude and longitude
Latitude and longitude lines make up this. global grid
What is the zero line of longitude called? Prime Meridian
What is the zero line of latitude called? Equator
Name the two polar regions of latitude Arctic Circle and Antarctic Circle or North and South Poles
Between what two latitude lines would you find the tropical regions of the world? Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn
Name the three types of maps Political, physical and thematic
This type of map shows a special topic like climate or population. Thematic map
This type of map shows land elevation and landforms Physical map
This type of map shows borders of continents, countries, states and important cities. Political map
Name two forces found below earth's surface. Underwater volcanoes, earthquakes, sliding plates
What is the theory that Earth's surface is divided into more the 12 slow moving plates? Plate tectonics
What are the large landmasses that are part of Earth's crust? continents
Name two forces on Earth's surface. Weathering, erosion, changes in temperature, natural hazards like storms
How do landforms influence life? Jobs, where people settle, food choices, activity choices
What often occurs along faults where there are breaks in the Earth's crust where movement occurs? Earthquakes
What is a challenge of living near mountains? Mudslide, avalanche, difficult to build, changing temperatures by elevation
What is an opportunity of living near mountains? Beautiful scenery, mining, natural resources
What is a challenge of living near a river? Flooding, polluted water, dangerous currents
What is an opportunity of living near a river? Transportation, boating, fishing, swimming
What do you call the height of land above sea level? Elevation
This landform is the best farming region in the USA. Great Plains
This large desert is found in northern Africa. Sahara Desert
This famous landform is spread across much of northeast South America and is home to the largest river in the Western Hemisphere. Amazon Basin or Amazon Rainforest
What do you call high, flat land rising steeply above other land. Plateau
What do you call the spread of desert like conditions into fertile non-desert regions? desertification
What do you dry land, lacking water? drought
What is it called when natural physical processes are unpredictable and have a negative effect on people or the environment? natural hazard
Gives three examples of natural hazards. Earthquake, tsunami, cyclone, hurricane, tornado, flood, volcano eruption, avalanche, blizzard, drought
What is it called when a natural hazard is so extreme it triggers severe human consequences such as widespread damage, injury, loss of life or property and the community cannot cope? natural disaster
What is the extent to which an area or structure risks being damaged by a disaster called? vulnerability
Why are developing nations more vulnerable to natural disasters? The countries are poorer and tend to lack infrastructure-roads, buildings,
What are some major effects of a natural disaster? Loss of life, disease, health problems, loss of family, loss of home, job displacement, etc.
What happens to temperature as you go higher up in elevation on a mountain? It gets colder at the top.
What do you call a vast open flat area covered with natural grasses? Grassland
What do you call a climate with bitter cold winters, short cool summers found near Greenland and Antarctica? Polar
What is a region's average weather conditions over a long period of time? Climate
What do you call the plants that grow in a region? vegetation
What do you call moderate to mild climates that tend to have two to four seasons like Michigan? Temperate
What is any place where plants and animals depend upon each other and their environment for survival? ecosystem
What is a mountain climate where the temperature and precipitation changes as you go up in elevation? Highlands climate
This is the most arid climate on Earth where very little precipitation falls and scrub and cacti are commonly found. Dry or desert climate
This is the hottest and wettest climate on Earth near the equator and home to many rainforests and beautiful beaches. Tropical climate
What does arid mean? dry
This is the largest river in South America. Amazon
What is the large sea that borders eastern Mexico and western Florida and contains several islands such as Cuba and Jamaica? Caribbean Sea
A large tidal wave typically triggered by an earthquake. Tsunami
A large tropical storm in the Atlantic Ocean or Gulf of Mexico with violent winds. Hurricane
This theme of geography asks the question Where is it? Location
Created by: comstockpark
 

 



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