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Stack #190822

IMMS Justinian's Plague-Black Death-Dark Ages-Beginning of the Renaissance

Caffa Ancient port city on the Black Sea, believed the port from where the Bubonic Plague that devastated originated. Today, it is called Feodosiya in the Ukraine.
Plague A destructive disease causing a high rate of mortality.
Pestilence A contagious or infectious disease that is devastating.
Epidemic A rapidly spreading outbreak of disease that affects a large portion of the population.
Bubo An inflammatory swelling of a lymph gland, especially in the groin.
Flagellant A person who whips him/herself to seek penance.
Anti-Semitism Hatred, hostility, or discrimination of people of Jewish descent.
Bubonic Plague "Black Death"; a deadly disease carried by fleas on rodents that devastated the population of Europe in the mid-14th century.
Penitence Sorrow for sins, wrongdoings, or faults.
Who defeated the Muslims at the Battle of Tours? Charles Martel
Who became the first Holy Roman Emperor in 800 AD? Charlemagne
Who was the Father of Humanism? Petrarch
Who painted the Mona Lisa? Leonardo daVinci
Who painted the Sistine Chapel? Michelangelo
Who painted the School of Athens? Raphael
When he saw da Vinci's "angel", he never painted again. He was da Vinci's Master. Verrocchio
What classics interested those who became "Humanists"? Ancient Greeks and Romans
This was a widespread change in culture that took place in Europe, beginning in the 1300's. The Renaissance
Where did the Renaissance begin? Italy
Why did the Renaissance begin in Italy? Because of its central location on the Mediterranean Sea and because it was the driving force in trading with the East.
What were Italy's merchants doing while the rest of Europe was stuck in Feudalism? They were building great fortunes.
Most powerful Italian cities became Independent City-States
Why was Humanism such a radical change? they were focused on worldly matters. The classical works were not focused on religion.
What did the classics explore in their writings? Nature, beauty, and other concepts ignored in medieval life.
What did Italian artists focus on in their works? Nature and the Human Form.
What country was da Vinci from? Italy
What country was Michelangelo from? Italy
What country was Petrarch from? Italy
What was strange about Petrarch? He followed a married woman around and wrote about her.
What were the powerful families in the City-States Medici and Borgia
Which family's father paid off the Cardinals to become Pope? Borgia
This government worker wrote "The Prince" Machiavelli
Who believed that the end justified the means? (Do whatever you have to do to keep power). Machiavelli
Which Emperor started schools for all children and even learned to read and write. Charlemagne
What powerful group did the Franks defeat at the Battle of Tours? Moors (Muslims).
Where does the bacteria that causes Black Death thrive? In the stomach of fleas.
Why did they stop ringing bells at funerals during the Black Death The constant sound was too depressing.
During the Black Death of 1348-51, what happened to the Church's influence over the people? It was weakened
As a result of Justinian's Plague, what happened to the Church's influence over the people? It was strengthened.
The Pope changed the rules during the Black Death. Anyone could absolve you of your sins, even: women.
Economic effects of the Black Death: Prices rose at first, then reduced as they ran out of buyers.
Effect of Black Death on workers: Wages rose
Effect of Black Death Church: Many priests and monks died. People lost faith.
Effect of the Black Death on the social structure: It unraveled. No lords, peasants felt empowered.
What became the focus of art during the Black Death? Death, skeletons, horror.
Why did Charlemagne execute 4500 tribal leaders at the "Bloody Verdict of Verdun"? They were caught practicing rituals the Church had banned.
After the Vikings were defeated, what did the Knights do? Became the thugs for the Lords to harass the peasants.
The church had to stop the Knights so they came up with the "Peace of God", which meant: Leave peasants, widows, and priests alone
The Church also came up with an idea to control the Knights called the "Truce of God" which meant No fighting on certain days or around religious holidays.
The Pope put the Knights to work to re-take the Holy Land. This series of adventures was called: The Crusades
The Crusades were successful in doing this: Bringing back new ideas, knowledge, and trade with the East.
By 1300, the population finally recovered from Justinian's Plague. Then what happened? The Great Famine 1315-1317
What major climatic event caused the Famine of 1315-1317 Almost continuous rain.
Hansel and Gretel reminds us of the Great Famine, why? Cannibalism and children abandoned in the forest.
What happens in the story "The Mouse Tower of Bingen"? Mice and rats eat all the food the Bishop hoarded in the tower after the people left.
Where did the Pope move to from Rome in the early 1300's? Avignon, France
How did the Pope keep from getting the Plague? sat inside a ring of fire for the entire summer.
What was the primary way the Black Death was transmitted Fleas
Prices down, wages up, created: European Middle Class and money-based economy
What happened to the Feudal system as a result of the Black Death? It fell apart: dismantled
Land was the source of wealth, but as a result of the Black Death it became: worthless. Landowners died
Why did anti-semitism rise during the Black Death? To lay the blame for it on someone.
What happened to the power of Kings as a result of the Black Death? It was strengthened.
Why would they build great churches during the Black Death? To thank God for sparing them.
Where was Justinian when the Plague engulfed his kingdom? What city? Constantinople