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A Dividing Nation

Chapter 21 Study Guide

QuestionAnswer
How did Missouri's application as a slave state in 1819 challenge U.S. law? States north of the Ohio River were to be free states.
What was one fear of Southern senators if there were more free states than slave states? losing voting power
What was the significant of the 36 30 parallel? It indicated where slavery was allowed and banned.
What was an effect from the Missouri Compromise? It temporarily ended the slavery debate.
According to the Wilmot Proviso of 1846, in which area was slavery banned? land acquired from Mexico
How did the Compromise of 1850 appease the South? It included a law requiring the return of escaped slaves.
Which two people worked together to balance the interests of the North and the South with regard to slavery? Daniel Webster and Henry Clay
What is one reason that did NOT explain why the Fugitive Slave Law failed? plantation owners did not want returned slaves
What was the impact of the publication of Uncle Tom's Cabin? It turned many more people against slavery.
How did the Kansas-Nebraska Act nullify the Missouri Compromise? It allowed slavery in new Northern territories.
What was a result of the Kansas-Nebraska Act? It led to a violent struggle over slavery in Kansas.
What was the Supreme Court's decision in the Dred Scott case? African Americans did not have the right to sue in federal court.
What did John Brown hope to achieve by his raid at Harpers Ferry? Create a slave rebellion that would bring an end to slavery.
How did the Lincoln-Douglas debates of 1858 impact Lincoln's political future? He became known throughout the nation.
What was apparent following the presidential election of 1860? The nation was divided over slavery.
What event turned the secession crisis into a civil war? South Carolina's shelling of Fort Sumter
When did Abraham Lincoln speak the following words..."A house divided against itself cannot stand."? When he accepted the senatorial nomination
What does the word "house" refer to when Lincoln said, "A house divided against itself cannot stand"? the United States
Based on the following statement made by Lincoln..."I do not expect the house to fall; but I do expect it will cease to be divided"...what did Lincoln believe would happen? The United States will not continue to be divided.
Created by: white_amanda