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GOPO Bureaucracy Ter

GOPO Bureaucracy Terms

Bureaucracy A form of organization that operates through impersonal, uniform rules and procedures.
Bureaucrat A career government employee.
Department Usually the largest organization in government with the largest mission; also the highest rank in Federal hierarchy.
Independent agency A government entity that is independent of the legislative, executive, and judicial branches.
Independent regulatory commission A government agency or commission with regulatory power whose independence is protected by Congress. Examples are the FCC and the EPA.
Government corporation A government agency that operates like a business corporation, created to secure greater freedom of action and flexibility for a particular program. PBS, NPR are examples.
Spoils system A system of public employment based on rewarding party loyalists and friends.
Merit system A system of public employment in which selection and promotion depend on demonstrated performance rather than political patronage.
Office of Personnel Management (OPM) Agency that administers civil service laws, rules, and regulations.
Hatch Act Federal statute barring Federal employees from active participation in certain kinds of politics and protecting them from being fired on partisan grounds.
Implementation The process of putting a law into practice through bureaucratic rules or spending.
Regulations The formal instructions that government issues for implementing laws. The way the government controls private businesses. Examples include hiring equality and those regarding environmental issues.
Uncontrollable spending The portion of the Federal budget that is spent on programs, such as Social Security, that the president and Congress are unwilling to cut.
Entitlement programs Programs such as unemployment insurance, disability relief, or disability payments that provide benefits to all eligible citizens.
Oversight Legislative or executive review of a particular government program or organization.Can be in response to a crisis of some kind or part of routine review.
Iron Triangle An alliance among a bureaucratic agency/department, an interest group and a congressional committee. When they form, they can get a lot of things done in government. They are sometimes called sub governments.
Issue Network A group of people who usually debate policy or political issues. They include policy experts, media pundits, congressional staff and members of interest groups. They often get hired for bureaucracy jobs.
Policy Network The issues that a policy maker consider to be important. The media often influences the issues which receive public opinion.
Hierarchy a system of levels where one level is higher than the others.
Civil Service a job working for the federal government such as for the postal system or anything in the bureaucracy
Pendleton Act created the federal civil service and made all jobs in the bureaucracy based on merit, not on spoils
Hatch Act a law stating that federal employees can't campaign while they are on the clock and banning them from being fired for their political beliefs
Block grants a type of grant from the federal government to the state or local government where the state or local government gets to choose how the money is used. This is an example of devolution.
Devolution the fact that power has been shifted from the federal government to state and local governments. Started by Reagan in the 1980s.
Federal mandate a command from the federal government forcing state or local governments to do certain things. This has led to an increase of the number of state and local public employees.
Department of the Treasury Cabinet department that is responsible for printing money
Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) Independent regulatory agency that regulates business practices in the US and makes sure they are fair
Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) Independent regulatory agency that regulates the stock market
National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) Independent regulatory agency that regulates the treatment of employees by employers
Federal Reserve Board (The Fed) Independent regulatory agency that regulates monetary policy
Monetary policy policy concerning things like interest rates, money supply and inflation. Controlled only the the Fed. (different from fiscal policy).
Fiscal policy policy concerning taxing and spending. (different from monetary policy). Controlled by state and local governments and federal legislators and the president. Basically, budget making.
Created by: rockcastle