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U.S Studies-Ch 16.1

QuestionAnswer
Perhaps the most important border state was... Maryland
In order to rejoin the Union in 1861, 48 counties organized themselves as a separate state called... West Virginia
For the South, the primary aim of the war was to win recognition As an independent nation
What was one of the main advantages of the South? The strong support of its white population
Most soldiers, both Confederate and Union, came from Farms
What was the first Confederate capital? Richmond, Virginia
What was the Union's first strategy? Blockade Southern ports
What is to go on the attack? Offensive
What were Confederate soldiers called? Rebels
What were Union soldiers called? Yankees
The first major battle of the Civil War was at where? Bull Run (Manassaa)
Who was the Union general who captured New Orleans? George B. McClellan
The victorious Confederate army was only 20 miles from Washington D.C. After the second battle at... Bull Run (Manassaa)
The single bloodiest day of the entire Vivil War took place at where? Antietam
President Arbraham Lincoln became disgusted with George B. McClellan's performance and replaced him with who? Ambrose Burnside
Who was the Confederate general? "Stonewall" Jackson
Merrimack? Virginia
People that were killed or wounded were called what? Casualities
Who was the Union general at Shiloh? Ulysses S. Grant
What was the Peninsula Campaign? Seven Days' battles
From the start of the war, the North's main goal was to... Preserve the Union
What law did Abraham Lincoln formally sign on January 1, 1863, which freed enslaved African Americans in the Confederacy? Emancipation Proclamation
After Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, which countries decided to withhold recognition of the Confederacy? Britain and France
By the end of the war, African American volunteers made up nearly what percentage of the Union army? 10 percent
By becoming Union soldiers, African Americans took an important step toward what? Gaining equal pay
What means to free enslaved peoples? Emancipate
What did the 13th Amendment do? Freed enslaved Americans
What word means "to approve"? Ratify
Who was a famous Union spy? Harriet Tubman
What was the African American regiment? 54th Massachusetts
Which woman fought for the Confederacy at the Fist Battle of Bull Run? Loretta Janeta Velazquez
Who was the Southerner who established a hospital for soldiers in Richmond, Virginia? Sally Tompkins
The law that required men between certain ages to serve in the army for three years was the what? The draft
The worst disturbance concerning opposition to draft laws took place in? New York City
To raise money for the war, the North printed what? Greenbacks
What is general increase in prices called? Inflation
Who was a Southern spy?
Who founded the American Red Cross? Clara Barton
Who were the Copperheads? Peace Democrates
What were payments to encourage enlistment called? Bounties
President Abraham Lincoln's address at what battlefield helped war-weary Americans focus on thei shared ideals? Gettysburg
A nine-month siege resulted from Ulysses S. Grant's assault on the railroad center of... Petersburg
What helped Lincoln win the 1864 election? William T. Sherman's capture of Atlanta
Sherman's March to Savannah was called what? Total war
General Robert E. Lee surrendered to General Ulysses S. Grant in a small Virginia village called... Appomattox Court House
Who was Robert E. Lee's opponent at Fredericksburg? Ambrose Burnside
What is to "set up in a strong position" called? Entrenched
What was the site of Pickett's Charge? Battle of Gettysburg
Who was the commander of the Union armies? Ulysses S. Grant
What took place on July 4, 1863? The surrender of Vicksburg
Created by: kleocarlson