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# U00-Sc Method/Matter

### Properties of Matter and the Scientific Method

What is the amount of matter in a substance? mass
What is the amount of space an object occupies? volume
What is the ratio of the amount of matter in an object compareed to its volume? density
What is the tool used to find the mass of an object? scale or balance
What is the tool used to find the volume of a geometric object? ruler
What is the method used to find the volume of an irregularly-shaped object? water displacement
What is the formula for density? D=M/V
What is the density of water? 1 g/cc
What happens to an object's mass when it is cut into smaller pieces? the mass gets smaller
What happens to an object's volume when it is cut into smaller pieces? the volume gets smaller
What happens to an object's density when it is cut into smaller pieces? the volume does not change
This is the variable that is purposefully being changed during the experiment. Independent Variable
This is the variable that is being measured during the experiment. Dependent Variable
This is a separate test group that is not receiving the independent variable? The control group
These are the things that need to be kept constant during an experiment. Controlling Variables
Objects do this when their density is less than water. float
Objects do this when their density is more than water sink
One sentences that tells us what the experiment is about. The Problem or Question
One sentence that gives an educated guess about the outcome of the experiment. hypothesis
The part of an experiment where you find out as much as you can about the test materials. Research
This is the part of an experiment where you actually perform the tests. design and conduct the experiment
The explanation that explains the outcome of the tests in an experiment. Draw a Conclusion
Part of the experiment when you look at the data and determine the final outcome. Analyze the results