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Endocrine System

The Human Body- Unit 6

What is the Endocrine System? -a collection of glands that work together to control body fluid, balance, and growth
What does the Endocrine System control? -it controls body functions with the use of chemicals for your body
What is a gland? -a group of cells that make special chemicals for your body
What are hormones? -the chemicals that are produced by the endocrine glands
Where do hormones go? -they are released into the bloodstream and carried to other places in the body
Describe/Explain Pituitary Glands. -they stimulate pituitary growth -they help thyroids function properly -they regulate the amount of water in the blood
Describe/Explain Thyroid Glands. -they increase the rate at which you use energy -they secrete thyroxine
Where is the Parathyroid? -located behind the thyroid
What does the Parathyroid do? -it regulates calcium levels in the blood
What does the Thymus Gland do? -it regulates the immune system which helps your body fight disease
What do the Adrenal Glands do? -they prepare your organs to deal with stress -they produce epinephrine also known as adrenaline -they speed up your heart rate to prepare your body to run or fight -it is the fight or flight response
What does the Pancreas do? -it regulates blood sugar levels -it secretes insulin
What do ovaries do? -they produce hormones involved in female reproduction
What is estrogen? -a female hormone
What do testes do? -they produce hormones involved in male reproduction
What is testosterone? -a male hormone
Name disorders of the Endocrine System. 1)Diabetes Mellitus 2)Goiter
What is Diabetes Mellitus? -when the pancreas cannot make enough insulin to bring blood sugar levels down to normal -daily injections of insulin may be needed
What is Goiter? -when there is not enough iodine in the diet the thyroid is not able to produce thyroxine -it causes fatigue and weight gain
List the glands and hormones. (8) 1)Pituitary glands 2)Thyroid glands 3)Parathyroid gland 4)Thymus gland 5)Adrenal gland 6)Ovaries (secretes estrogen) 7)Testes (secrete testosterone) 8)pancreas (secretes insulin)
Created by: carlsond