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Unit 2 Constitution

US Constitution and Government

Freedom of Speech being allowed to say what we think
Freedom of Religion the right to choose a religion and attend a church of your choice
Freedom of the Press the right to print whatever you want
Freedom of Assembly the right to gather in public or private
What were the Articles of Confederation? The first form of written laws for the United States
What was the problem with the Articles of Confederation? The laws were weak for federal government/power and strong in state government/power.
Name three of the main leaders of the Constitutional Convention? George Washington, Benjamin Franklin & James Madison
Who is known as the "father of the Constitution" and why? James Madison because he already had a plan for the 3 branches of government
What is the Great Compromise? The idea that the new government would represent the people with a 2 house legislature
What is the 3/5ths compromise? Each slave would only count as 3/5th of a person towards the population of that state.
Which document is an addition to the US Constitution that gives people many personal freedoms? The Bill of Rights
What is the purpose of the preamble to the Constitution? to introduce the Constitution and explain the major points of the Constitution
How many states had to agree to allow Congress the denied powers of engaging in war, establish peace treaties with any country, or make coin/money? 9
Why were the Articles of Confederation designed to deliberately establish a weak national government? American political leaders were fearful of a powerful central government like England's.
Virginian James Madison is best known as... The "Father of the Constitution".
During the Constitutional meeting in 1787, many ideas were suggested to solve the problems presented by the Articles of Confederation. One plan that found favor was the Virginia Plan. Who is recognized as the basic author of the Virginia Plan? James Madison
The new government formed by the Constitutional Convention had many safeguards including checks and balances. The purpose of checks and balances is to.... keep one branch from becoming too powerful
Why did the framers of the Constitution insist on the separation of powers? They did not want government to be controlled by any one man or group.
Who is in charge of the executive branch? the President and Cabinet
Who is in charge of the legislative branch? Senate & House of Representatives
Who is in charge of the judicial branch? Supreme Court & Judges
Freedom of speech and freedom of religion are part of what document? the 1st amendment in the Bill of Rights
Where can the Bill of Rights be found in the Constitution? First 10 amendments
Is the Bill of Rights still useful today? Yes; it reminds US citizens of rights that they are born with.
The Articles of confederation had several weaknesses that leaders recognized. List some. 1. limits were set on Congress' power over foreign trade. 2. Congress did not have the power to control trade between the states. 3. Congress was not allowed to pass taxes. 4. Congress could not make laws without the approval of the states.
The Constitution and Bill of Rights provided... 1. Protection of the fundamental freedoms; religion, speech, press, assembly and petition 2. Guaranteed equality under the law with majority rule and the rights of minority protected. 3. Affirmed individual worth and dignity of all people.
What document states that all people are created equal and have rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness? The Constitution of the United States
Who was the author of the Bill of Rights? James Madison
How did the writers of the US Constitution address the issue of how slaves would be county in a state's population? every five slaves would be counted as three people
Created by: ctabor