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Ecosystems

QuestionAnswer
An animal that only eats plants is called Herbivore
An animal that only eats meat is called Carnivore
An animal that eats both plants and animals is Omnivore
an organism that eats other living things to get energy Consumer
any organism that makes its own food Producer
all living and nonliving things that exist and interact in one place Ecosystem
everything that surrounds and effects a living thing Environment
all the organisms that live in the same ecosystem and interact with each other Community
all the organisms of the same kind that live in an ecosystem Population
an organism that breaks down the remains of dead organisms Decomposer
the path of energy in an ecosystem as one living thing eats another Food Chain
a physical feature or behavior that helps an organismsurvive its habitat Adaptation
The coloring, marking, or other physical apperiance of an animal that helps it blend in with its surroundings Camouflage
an adaptation that allows an animal to protect itself by looking like another kind of animal or like a plant Mimicry
to go into a deep sleep during which an animal usees very little energy and usually does not need to eat Hibernation
when an animal species dies off Extinction
Living things in an ecosystem depend on each other for what 3 basic needs food, protection & shelter
Why are grasshoppers green? to blend in with the grass for protection
if the food supply for a specific animal decreases, what happens to the population of that animal? the population of that animal will also decrease
What happens when plants decay in the soil? They release nutrients back into the soil.
The producers at the start of all food chains are green plants
What happens to dead leaves that fall to the ground in the forest? decomposers will break down the leaves and they will become part of the soil
How do consumers gain energy? they eat producers and consumers
How do producers gain energy? they get it from the sun
Which organisms will receive energy from the insects AFTER they are eaten by the sunfish? the bird and the alligator
What would MOST LIKELY happen to a population of voles if their habitat was flooded after many days of rain? The population would decrease quickly, then slowly increase after the water dried up.
What parts of the forest community would be harmed if a long period without rain reduced the number of live trees in the forest? the trees, the insects, and small animals that live in the forest would all be harmed
In the ocean food web including Cod, Plankton, Shrimp, and Crab which organism would serve as a producer? Plankton
Why are grasshoppers green? to blend into the grass for protection
If the food supply for mice in a field decreases, the mouse population in the field will probably... decrease
An animal that only eats plants such as a rabbit is an.... herbivore
At the end of the summer, Amy plows her garden plants under the soil. What will probably happen? When the plants decay, they will put nutrients back into the soil.
Which coloring in animals acts as a warning signal to predators? bright colors such as reds, blues, and oranges.
Foxes and owls eat the same food, but they do not compete for the same food because owls hunt for food at night and foxes hunt for food during the day
In the US, wolves and cougars were nearly hunted to extinction long ago. Their natural prey are deer and elk. Which most likely happened to the deer and elk populations? they increased
The producers at the start of all food chains are green plants
What happens to a dead leaf that falls to the ground in the forest? the leaf will decay and become part of the soil
The role of the producer in any community is to.... produce food
Green plants are important to animals because the plants produce food and give off oxygen
Why are decomposers important in any ecosystem? they break down dead organisms into simpler materials
Near the edge of the city, a shopping mall and many new houses are being built. Which will most likely happen to the nearby wildlife? Animals will move out of the area
Created by: ctabor