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Study Guide

Classification and Kingdoms- Unit 6

QuestionAnswer
Why do scientists classify organisms? -to organize species and see relationships
Why is scientific naming important to scientists around the world? -scientists everywhere can organize and note relationships with a universal worldwide system
List the 7 levels of classification, from the most general, to the most specific. 1)kingdom 2)phylum 3)class 4)order 5)family 6)genus 7)species
If two organisms are in the same class, they are also in the same ___ and ____ ? Why? -kingdom and phylum -in order to be in the same class, organisms must share traits with more general kingdoms
List the 6 kingdoms. 1)animal 2)plant 3)protist 4)fungi 5)eubacteria 6)archaebacteria
What are 3 ways animals reproduce? 1)fertilization 2)budding 3)regeneration
Describe fertilization. -sexual -it is when sperm and egg cells combine and produce offspring
Describe budding. -asexual -it is when offspring grows on the parent and falls off
Describe regeneration. -asexual -it is when a piece of a parent falls off and then develops into a new identical offspring
How do animals get the nutrients needed to survive? -they consume
How do plants get the nutrients needed to survive? -they produce
How do fungi get the nutrients needed to survive? -they decompose
What is the difference between eubacteria and archaebacteria? -eubacteria live in regular environments -archaebacteria only live in extreme environments
Which kingdoms are prokaryotic? archaebacteria and eubacteria
Which kingdoms are eukaryotic? fungi, plant, animal, protist
What two things do scientists consider in order to classify organisms? -shared characteristics and evolutionary relationships
What are the 3 categories of Protists? 1)animal-like (protozoa) 2)plant-like 3)fungi-like
What is an animal-like protist also known as? -protozoa
Describe the two parts of a scientific name. 1)Genus-first word (capitalized) 2)Species-second word (lower case)
Give an example of the proper way to write an organism's scientific name. Homo sapien
What are the 3 shapes of bacteria? 1) Cocci (circle) 2) Bacillus (rod) 3) Spirilla (spiral)
What type of Protist are ameba? Why? -animal-like -they consume food and move
What type of protist are paramecium? Why? -animal-like -they consume food and move
What type of protist are euglena? Why? -plant-like and animal-like -they make food and consume food
What type of protist are slime mold? Why? -fungi-like -they decompose for food
What type of protist are algae? Why? -plant-like -they make food and do not move
What is the structure for movement of ameba? -pseudopod
What is the structure for movement of paramecium? -cilia
What is the structure for movement of euglena? -flagella
What is the type of reproduction of an ameba? -binary fission
What is the type of reproduction of a paramecium? -conjugation
What is the type of reproduction of a euglena? -binary fission
What is the type of reproduction of a slime mold? -spores
What is the type of reproduction of algae? -binary fission
MAKE SURE YOU KNOW HOW TO USE A DICHOTOMOUS KEY!
Created by: carlsond