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00-MEAP Review

8th Grade MEAP Review Cards

A positive characteristic of an organism that allows it to better conform to the environment (fins for swimming, wings for flying) adaptation
1/100th of a meter. centimeter
The metric system’s standard measurement of length. meter
1/1000 of a kilogram gram
When cells are developed for special functions. cell specialization
The outside covering of an animal cell cell membrane
A piece of scientific equipment used for observing microscopic organisms. microscope
This part of a cell controls all cell activity. nucleus
The outside covering of a plant cell. cell wall
The process by which an organism multiplies. reproduction
The process by which plants use sunlight to produce food. photosynthesis
The gas used by plants during photosynthesis. carbon dioxide
The gas produced by plants during photosynthesis. oxygen
Animals that have a backbone. vertebrates
Animals that do not have a backbone. invertebrates
Animals that maintain a constant body temperature. warm blooded
Plants that produce seeds that are protected by a fruit. flowering plant
Plants that produce unprotected seeds. non-flowering plants
The female part of a plant where fruit is produced. ovary
The process by which male and female cells unite. fertilization
Photosynthesis produces this and oxygen. sugar
The principle food storage substance of plants. starch
The process by which food is changed into useful substances by the body. digestion
The process by which blood travels through the body. circulation
A segment of DNA that transmits hereditary characteristics. gene
Traits that are genetically acquired from parents. inherited
Traits that are learned. acquired
Remnants of an ancient organism preserved in rock. fossil
Animal that lives off a host organism. parasite
Struggle between living things for water, food and energy. competition
Relationship in which an organism lives on, near or in another organism. symbiosis
Gas used by plants for food production. carbon dioxide
Temperature scale where water boils at 212 degrees. Fahrenheit
Temperature scale where water freezes at zero degrees. Celsius
Tool used to measure the mass of an object. scale or balance
A tool used for measuring the volume of a liquid. graduated cylinder
A tool used to measure temperature. thermometer
A device used to measure force. Spring scale
The measure of the force that the Earth attracts an object. weight
The amount of matter in an object. mass
The amount of space taken up by an object. volume
Matter that consists of two or more substances not chemically combined. mixture
The simplest type of a pure substance. element
Two or more elements chemically combined. compound
The smallest part of an element that has all the properties of an element. atom
Anything that has mass and volume. matter
The means by which atoms are held together. bond
A circuit in which electricity flows all the way around it. complete circuit
A circuit in which electricity is not allowed to flow around it. open circuit
The process of a liquid going to a gas. evaporation
The process of a gas going to a liquid. condensation
The process of a liquid changing to a solid. freezing
A substance present before a chemical change. reactant
A substance formed after a chemical change. product
A simple machine that uses a rope and a wheel. pulley
A simple machine that has a fulcrum. lever
A ramp is an example of this simple machine. inclined plane
A steering wheel is an example of what type of simple machine? wheel and axle
When two objects are drawn together by a force. attraction
In what type of medium does sound travel fastest? solids
In what type of medium does sound travel the slowest? gases
What part of the eye receives the image? retina
What controls the amount of light received by the eye? pupil
The bending of light in different materials is called? refraction
When an object appears red, only red light is reflected from the object, what happens to the other colors? absorbed
Light that is directed in all different directions is said to be…? scattered
A material that lets light and images pass through it. transparent
A material that allows light but no image to pass through it. translucent
A material that does not allow light or images to pass through it. opaque
The amount of time it takes a pendulum to make one complete swing. period
The number of waves to pass a given point in a given amount of time. frequency
The height of the wave above or below the normal. amplitude
A wave containing compressions and rarefactions. longitudinal wave
The direction of the wave is at right angles to the motion of the medium. transverse wave
When a wave bounces off a barrier. reflection
The height of an area above sea level. elevation
A map that shows different shapes and sizes of an area using contour lines. topographic
A flat area that does not rise far above sea level. plain
A large area of relatively flat land high above sea level. plateau
Metamorphic rocks are formed from… heat and pressure
Sedimentary rocks are formed from… sediments
Igneous rocks are formed from… magma
Dating of fossils due to the age of rock in which they are found. relative dating
The breaking down of rock by physical processes. weathering
Large bodies of ice that break down rock. glaciers
Glacier that covers a large area of a continent. Continental glacier
Glacier that flows down a mountain. Valley glacier
Ice that covers the poles of the earth. Polar cap
A constant flow of water from underground. Spring
A flow of water from areas of high ground to low. River or stream
The weight of the air above you. Air pressure
The amount of water vapor in the air. Humidity
A large area of air about the same temperature. Air mass
The edge of an area of cooler air associated with severe weather. Cold Front
The edge of an area of warm air associated with light rain. Warm front
The path a planet takes around the sun. Orbit
Any object that orbits the planet. Satellite
In space, a large chunk of ice that has a tail. Comet
The amount of time it takes a planet to complete one revolution around the sun. Year
The point at which a planet rotates. Axis