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Stufflet Unit 9 Eur

Unit 9 Euro

Restoration Europe time after the defeat of Napoleon when conservatives restored many of the monarchies that were overthrown during the French Revolutionary period (1789-1815)
Congress of Vienna established the conservative European diplomatic system that would dominate the Restoration period (1815-1848)
balance of power International equilibrium of political and military power that would discourage future aggression
German Confederation weak association of German states dominated by Prussia and Austria
Prince Klemens von Metternich Austrian Foreign Minister whose Congress system dominated the period from 1815-1850
Conservatism political ideology that believes in maintaining status quo; it dominated the period 1815-1850
Holy Alliance agreement between Prussian, Austria, and Russia that vowed to crush forces of change wherever they popped up
Karlsbad Decrees laws that instituted university censorship in German Confederation
Troppau Conference held in response to revolutions in Spain and Kingdom of Two Sicilies; declared intervention by conservative powers
liberalism Political ideology that believed in ideas of the EARLY French Revolution
laissez faire economic idea that government should interfere in the economy minimally
nationalism Idea that a group has its own identity that unites it and that should result in autonomy
cultural nationalism nationalism based on language, religion, history, or "race"
civic nationalism nationalism based on a set of common ideas
Utopian socialism 19th century movement that sought to overcome income inequality by appealing to middle class and state to help poor
Marxian socialism 19th century movement that sought to overcome income inequality by fomenting revolution of poor against middle class and state
Count Henri de Saint Simon believed “parasites” (court, aristocracy) should give way to “doers” (engineers, scientists)and that all institutions should aim to help poor
Karl Marx German intellectual who believed a revolution of the proletariat would overthrow exploitation by bourgeois middle class
The Communist Manifesto outlined dialectical materialism and called on workers of the world to unite against the middle class; published in 1848
bourgeoisie term for wealthy middle class
proletariat term for working class
Romanticism 19th century cultural revolt against classicism and the Enlightenment
sick man of Europe term to describe Ottoman Empire in 19th century
Lord Byron English Romantic poet who died in war for Greek independence
Corn Laws British laws that outlawed importation of foreign grain
Battle of Peterloo Massive protests by urban laborers against Corn Laws; resulted in numerous deaths
Reform Bill of 1832 British law that increased male suffrage and made House of Commons more powerful
Chartist Movement Demanded universal suffrage for males (1839, 1842, 1848)
Louis XVIII Bourbon monarch restored to French throne in 1815; granted liberal constitutional charter
Charles X Bourbon monarch from 1824-1830; conservative; overthrown in 1830 Revolution
Louis Philippe known as "Citizen King"; reigned from 1830 to 1848
Louis Napoleon elected French president in 1848; later became Emperor Napoleon III
Franz Joseph placed on Austrian throne after failed Revolution of 1848 in Vienna; ruled Austria from 1848 to 1916
Frederick William IV Prussian king during Revolution of 1848; turned down German throne because he would not accept a "crown from the gutter"
Frankfurt Assembly liberal body that tried to write new constitution for a united Germany in 1848; offered throne of united Germany to Prussian king, but he turned it down
Created by: stufflsb