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Macromolecules

biochemistry

TermDefinition
What are macromolecules? Large molecules that make up carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins
What is a monomer? the building blocks for macromolecules
What are the uses or functions of lipids (3)? 1 - compounds that are used to store energy, 2 - molecules that make up membranes, 3 - molecules in waterproof coverings
What are the uses or functions of carbohydrates ? compounds that are used as short term energy
What are the ways proteins are used by cells?3) 1 - compounds used to build and repair cells, 2 - enzymes used to control the rate of chemical reaction 3 - as chemical messengers (hormones)
Which biological molecules are made of simple sugars or monosaccharides? carbohydrates
Which biological molecule is made of glycerol and fatty acids? Lipids
Amino acids are the building blocks for which biological molecules? proteins
1 carbon atom to 2 hydrogen atoms to 1 oxygen atom is the ratio for which biological molecule? ratio of elements in carbohydrates
Which elements make up lipids? Carbon atoms, hydrogen atoms, and oxygen atoms in no ratio.
Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen are the elements of which biological molecule? proteins
COOH is which type of group in an amino acid? carboxyl or acid group
NH2 is which type of group in an amino acid? amino group
What are the 2 types of lipids? saturated and unsaturated
Beans and nuts are a source of what? Are a source of proteins.
Bread, pasta, and potato are a source of what? Are a source of carbohydrates.
Created by: lb goodlock