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Unit 1Am. Revolution

American Revolution

TermDefinition
Parliament made laws for all British people
allies friends during war
Loyalists are loyal to King George III and England
tariff a form of taxes
treason to betray your country
liberty freedom
boycott to refuse to purchase goods as a way to protest
repealed changed or cancel out a law
minutemen Men who part of the colonial militia. They were ready to fight in only minutes.
Patriots are loyal to the American colonies
King George III the leader of England during the American Revolution
George Washington leader of the Continental Army
Benjamin Franklin Went to England to reason with Parliament about the Imperial Policies. Traveled to France to ask for help with the war against England.
Thomas Jefferson Considered the author of the Declaration of Independence
Benedict Arnold Loyalist, traitor. In the Continental Army, provided British military secrets.
Patrick Henry Patriot, lawyer, "Give me liberty or give me death!"
John Adams Patriot. Nominated George Washington to lead the Continental Army. Negotiated the treaty of Paris ending the war.
French and Indian War The war between British colonies and French colonies over territory and lands.
British Imperial Polices Laws and taxes that King George and Parliament made to help cover the cost of the French and Indian War
Sons of Liberty A group of men who believed in Colonial independence from England
Daughters of Liberty A group of women who believed in colonial independence from England
Boston Tea Party Colonists dressed up as Mohawk Indians boarded the British tea ships in Boston Harbor and dumped the tea into the water.
taxation without representation Paying taxes with no representation in Parliament, which makes the tax laws.
Lexington small colonial militia loses to the British military
Concord Looking for weapons British army arrives in Concord to be attack by minutemen.
Saratoga Continental Army defeats British in Hudson River Valley by aiming cannons into the valley cutting off supply ships to British troops.
Yorktown Continental Army defeats British with help from French Navy who destroys British Navy in Chesapeake Bay.
Proclamation 1763 Colonists were to stop settling western lands. King George wanted to improve relations with the Indians.
Stamp Act 1765 A tax on all paper covering; legal documents, licenses, newspapers, other publications, even playing cards.
Revenue/Sugar Act 1764 A tax on sugar, indigo, coffee and wine to help pay for the standing army.
Coercive/Intolerable Acts 1774 Closed Boston port and gave more power to colonial governors.
Paul Revere A member of the Sons of Liberty, did a midnight ride between Lexington and Concord warning colonists that the British/Redcoats were coming.
Who did the Native Americans side with during the French and Indian War? They sided with both the French and the British
Place the following in order; Common Sense Publication, Proclamation 1763, Boston Tea Party, End of the French and Indian War, Stamp Act End of the French & Indian War-Proclamation 1763-Stamp Act-Boston Tea Party-Common Sense Publication
What could have British Parliament done to reduce colonists' anger over taxes? allowed colonists to vote on the taxes and given them representation in parliament
How did the Daughters of Liberty support the revolutionary movement? made homespun fabric, took over running family business and farms so their husbands could go to war, used substitute items for sugar and tea, disguised themselves as men and joined the army
During the Boston Massacre who was yelling at the soldiers? Colonists
During the Boston Massacre an object was thrown at the soldiers, what happened next? The soldiers fired shots into the crowd
What was the goal of protests and boycotts by the Sons and Daughters of Liberty? to hurt Britain economically
Which actions taken by Britain did American colonists consider tyranny and abuse of power? housing British soldiers, taxing colonists without representation in Parliament, prohibiting the colonists from settling the lands west of the Appalachian Mountains
How did the Americans respond to the tyranny and abuse of power by Britain's King George III? they declared independence
Who wrote the Declaration of Independence? Thomas Jefferson
Describe the role of African Americans in the Revolutionary War Thousands of African Americans helped fight for America’s freedom, some in Black regiments and some alongside white soldiers.
Created by: ctabor