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Unit 7 E U and Renew

TermDefinition
renewable resources materials from the environment that people use that can be replaced relatively quickly
nonrenewable resources materials from the environment that people use that cannot be replaced
inexhaustible resources an energy source that cannot be used up
fossil fuels a fuel formed from the decay of ancient forms of life (oil, coal, petroleum, natural gas-methane, propane, butane)
alternative energy source a source of energy other than the burning of a fossil fuel
nuclear energy energy contained in the nucleus of an atom
geothermal energy heat from below Earth's surface
hydroelectricity electricity generated by running water
pollution a harmful change to the environment
smog a mixture of smoke and fog, formed when smoke and fumes collect in moist, calm air
acid rain acid that is formed when the sulfur and nitrogen gases produced by burning fossil fuels combine with water vapor in the air then fall Earth as rain
thermal pollution the addition of warm water into a stream or lake that is normally cold
monetary costs the cash value of energy use; examples include the cost of heating a home or the large amount of money used to clean up an oil spill
nonmonetary costs the environmental consequence of energy use; examples include the generation of pollution and long-term health problems caused for people
cost-effectiveness a measure determined by comparing the costs and the consequences of different ways of doing something
conservation saving, protecting, or using natural resources wisely
biomass resource that comes from living, or recently living organisms
hydrogen fuel hydrogen gas burned as an energy source
reduce to use less of something
reuse to use something again
recycle to make new objects or materials from old objects or materials
solar energy inexhaustible supply of energy from the Sun
wind energy inexhaustible supply of energy from the atmosphere's moving air (powered by the Sun)
sustain provide what is needed to exist (Internet)
soil conservation protection of soil (add decomposed organic material to replace minerals, rotate crops, add nutrients to soil, plant in steps or terraces) (pg 390)
quality of life general well-being of individuals and societies (Internet)
petroleum a kind of oil that comes from below the ground and that is a source of gasoline and other products (Internet)
organism an individual living thing (Internet)
inexhaustible energy unending supply of energy provided from natural resources that do not run out of supply (Internet)
harnessed to bring under control and direct the force of (Internet)
geographic information information about places on Earth’s surface, knowledge about where something is, and/or knowledge about what is at a given location (Internet)
coal a fossil fuel that was formed from the remains of ancient plants that lived in swamps (pg 366)
economy the process or system by which goods and services are produced, sold, and bought in a country or region; careful use of money, resources, etc.; something that makes it possible for you to spend less money (Internet)
ecosystem everything that exists in a particular environment (Internet)
energy production the making of conventional, alternative, or renewable sources of energy (Internet)
environment the conditions that surround someone or something; the conditions and influences that affect the growth, health, progress, etc., of someone or something (Internet)
fishing the act of catching a fish in a variety of ways (Internet)
fishery improvement pressing for better policies and management, while voluntarily changing purchasing and fishing practices to reduce problems such as illegal fishing, by catch, and habitat impacts (Internet)
forestry the science, art, and practice of understanding, managing, and using wisely the natural resources associated with, and derived from forest lands (Internet)
forestry management using forest resources wisely; help protect forests (pg 395)
Created by: akguidry