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scientific method logical, empirical, flexible process of problem-solving and conducting investigations
observation using senses to identify or learn about something
inference conclusion formed from prior knowledge and available information or evidence
controlled experiment an investigation using the scientific method that involves changing one factor and observing its effect on one thing while keeping all other things constant
model a representation of an object or event that is used as a tool for understanding the natural world
independent variable the variable that is changed by the tester in an experiment
dependent variable the variable that changes as a result of a change in the independent variable
hypothesis an educated guess and explanation that can be tested with a scientific investigation
data information gathered during an investigation
quantitative data descriptions of the natural world using numbers
qualitative data descriptions of the natural world using words (classifying)
description summary of observations (tells who, what, when, where)
explanation interpretation of observations (tells why or how)
mean the sum of values in a given set of data divided by the total number of values
median the middle value in a given set of data
mode the value that occurs most often in a given set of data
range the difference between the lowest value and highest value in a given set of data
gram (often seen as gram (g), kilogram (kg), or milligram(mg)) metric unit for measurement of mass and weight
meter (often seen as meter (m), centimeter (cm), millimeter (mm), kilometer (km)) metric unit for measurement of length/width
liter (often seen as liter (L), milliliter (mL)) 1,000 cm3 = 1 L metric unit for measurement of volume
precision how close repeated measurements are to each other
consistency ability to repeat a task with little variation
prediction stating an expected result of what will happen in the future
analysis a careful study of something to learn about its parts, what they do, and how they are related to each other; an explanation of the nature and meaning of something (Internet)
collect to gather or accumulate (Internet)
compare and contrast to critically find the similarities and differences between things (Internet)
components (factors) one of the parts of something (such as a system or mixture); an important piece of something (Internet)
conclusion a statement about whether or not the hypothesis is valid based on the data collected (pg 26)
conduct experiment method used to perform a test to answer a question (Internet)
constant staying the same; not changing (Internet)
construct to build, make, or create by combining or arranging parts or elements (Internet)
control the portion of an experiment that you are not performing a test on; the variable that remains the same; the findings from the experiment are compared to the control/constant (Internet)
critique a careful judgment in which you give your opinion about the good and bad parts of something (Internet)
DNA fingerprinting a technique used especially for identification (as for forensic purposes) by extracting and identifying the base-pair pattern in an individual's DNA (Internet)
empirical originating in or based on observation or experience; capable of being verified or disproved by observation or experiment (Internet)
equipment supplies or tools needed for a special purpose; the act of equipping someone or something (Internet)
ethical treatment pertaining to or dealing with morals or the principles of morality; pertaining to right and wrong in conduct; being in accordance with the rules or standards for right conduct or practice, especially the standards of a profession (Internet)
event something that happens; a planned activity (Internet)
experimental design the laying out of a detailed investigative plan in advance of doing the experiment (Internet)
faulty reasoning wrong or incorrect thinking; it leads to mistakes and to wrong conclusions; scientists are careful not to draw unreasonable conclusions (Internet)
graphical representation method of displaying data by use of presentations of trends known as graphs (Internet)
illustrate to give examples in order to make (something) easier to understand; to be proof or evidence of (something); to explain or decorate with pictures (Internet)
inquiry scientific questions being asked about the natural world and trying to find the answers to those questions using evidence that is gathered through experimentation and study (pg 6)
interpret graphical representations the ability to correctly study, evaluate, and give the meaning of graphs, charts, and diagrams (Internet)
interpret quantitative data the ability to correctly study, evaluate, and give the meaning of a numerical set of data (mean, median, mode, range, statistical) (Internet)
investigation to try to find out the facts or information about something (Internet)
laboratory research a place/facility that provides controlled conditions for scientific or technological studies, experiments, and measurements to be performed or carried out (Internet)
limitations scientific evidence, or answers, cannot be found (value-prettier? smells worse?, morality- good or bad? right or wrong?, supernatural- above or beyond the natural) (Internet)
limitations of models no model can explain every detail of a scientific phenomenon; they are not comprehensive because they are supposed to be simple and easy to understand (Internet)
logical conclusion reaching the end, close, or final part through the process of reasoning (Internet)
logical processes rational steps used to find facts and truths (Internet)
metric system units rational steps used to find facts and truths (Internet)
misinterpret to understand or explain incorrectly (Internet)
modification (alteration) the act or process of changing parts of something (Internet)
natural events something that happens at a given place and time (Internet)
natural phenomena an event that is created by nature (sunrise, weather, tornadoes, hurricanes, fog, etc.) (Internet)
predict outcomes the ability to hypothesize, or make an educated guess, as to what the end result will be (Internet)
predict trends the ability to hypothesize, or make educated guesses, as to what the next step might be due to what has already happened (Internet)
recommendation the act of saying that something is good choice; a suggestion about something that should be done (Internet)
record preserve evidence by writing it down (Internet)
report data arrange collected data into easy to read and understand charts and/or graphs (Internet)
scientific investigation a way of answering a scientific question (pg 8)
skepticism an attitude of doubting the truth about something (Internet)
society people thought of as living together in organized communities with shared laws, traditions, and values (Internet)
source a person, place, or thing from which something comes from or can be obtained (Internet)
statistical data mean, median, mode, range
subjected to to be put through something like a test or experiment (Internet)
testable question question that could be answered by designing and conducting an experiment (Internet)
tools instruments used for conducting studies and/or experiments (thermometer, scales, beakers, etc.) (Internet)
variable any factor, trait, or condition that can exist in differing amounts or types (Internet)
variation differences within data
magnitude the size, extent, or importance of something (Internet)
interpret to explain the meaning of (something); to understand (something) in a specified way (Internet)
science A way of learning about the natural world that provides possible explanations to questions
technology Use of science to help people in some way
Created by: akguidry