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Cold War b


containment the blocking of another nation's attempst to spread its influence-especially the efforts of the US to block the spread of Soviet influence during the late 1940's and 1950's
Cold War the state of hostility, without direct military conflict, that developed between the US and the Soviet Union after WWII
Truman Doctrine a US policy of providing economic and military aid to free nations threatened by internal or external opponents
Marshall Plan the program under which the US supplied economic aid to European nations to help them rebuild after WWII
Berlin airlift a 327 day operation in which US and British planes flew food and supplies into West Berlin after the Soviets blockaded the city in 1948
North Atlantic Treaty Organization(NATO) a defensive military alliance formed in 1949 by ten Western European countries, the US, and Canada
Mao Zedong Communist leader in Northern China who defeated the Nationalists during China's civil war
Chiang Kai-shek China's Nationalist leader who was defeated by Communists during China's civil war
38th parallel the imaginary line dividing North and South Korea
Korean War conflict between North and South Korea(1950-53). US sided with South Korea
House Committee on UnAmerican Activities(HUAC) investigated Communist influence inside and outside the US government in the years following WWII
Hollywood Ten witnesses from the film industry who refused to cooperate with the HUAC's investigation of Communist influence in Hollywood
blacklist roster of about 500 actors, writers, producers, and directors who were not allowed to work on Hollywood films because of their alleged Communist connections
McCarthyism the often unsubstantiated attacks by Senator Joseph McCarthy and others on people suspected of being Communists in the early 1950's
H-bomb the hydrogen bomb-a thermonuclear weapon much more powerful than the atomic bomb
Dwight D. Eisenhower(Ike) 34th President of the United States. Republican. President during Korean War. 5 star general during WWII
brinkmanship the practice of threatening an enemy with massive military retaliation for any aggression
Nikita Krushchev Communist leader of the Soviet Union during the Cold War
Francis Gary Powers pilot of the US U-2 plane that was shot down over the Soviet Union
John F. Kennedy 35th President of the US. Democrat. President during the Cuban Missile Crisis. Assassinated in 1963
flexible response a policy developed during the Kennedy administration that involved preparing for a variety of military responses to international crises rather than focusing on the use of nuclear weapons
Fidel Castro Communist leader of Cuba during the Cuban Missile Crisis
hotline a communication link established in 1963 to allow the leaders of the US and the Soviet Union to contact each other in times of crisis
Limited Test Ban Treaty agreement between the US and the Soviet Union saying they would not conduct nuclear weapons tests in the atmosphere
Created by: mrduff