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WWII Chpt 17

vocabulary

QuestionAnswer
George Marshall Army Chief of Staff General responsible for the formation of the Women's Auxiliary Army Corps(WAAC)
A. Philip Randolph African American labor leader whose plan to lead a march on Washington resulted in Roosevelt's executive order ending discrimination against black men working in defense industries
Nisei a US citizen born of immigrant Japanese parents
Office of Price Administration (OPA) an agency established by Congress to control inflation during WWII
War Production Board an agency established during WWI to increase efficiency in war related industries. Set up rationing during WWII.
rationing a restriction on people's right to buy unlimited amounts of particular foods and other goods, often implemented during wartime to assure adequate supplies for the military
Dwight D. Eisenhower American General chosen as the Supreme Commander of US forces in Europe
D Day June 6,1944-the day the Allies launched an invasion of the European mainland during WWII
George Patton US General who led the Third army to liberate the French capital from Germany
Harry S. Truman Vice President during Roosevelt's fourth term. Became President after Roosevelt's death
Battle of the Bulge a month long battle of WWI in which the Allies succeeded in turning back the last major German offensive of the war
V-E Day May 8, 1945-marked Nazi Germany's unconditional surrender and the end of WWII in Europe
Douglas MacArthur US General in the Pacific Theater, thought to be a brilliant strategist
Chester Nimitz US Admiral in the Pacific Theater, commander during the Battle of Midway
kamikaze the deliberate crashing of a bomb-filled airplane into a military target
Manhattan Project the US program to develop an atomic bomb for use during WWII
J Robert Oppenheimer lead scientist who, along with others, secretly built the first atomic bomb in Los Alamos, New Mexico
Hiroshima an important military center and city in Japan where the first atomic bomb was dropped during WWII
Nagasaki site of the second atomic bomb attack on Japan by the US during WWII
Yalta Conference a 1945 meeting at which the leaders of the US, Great Britain, and the Soviet Union agreed on a set of measures to be implemented after the defeat of Germany
United Nations(UN) an international peacekeeping organization to which most nations in the world belong. It was founded in 1945 to promote world peace, security, and economic development
Nuremberg trials the court proceedings held in Nuremberg, Germany after WWII in which Nazi leaders were tried for war crimes
GI Bill of Rights Servicemen's Readjustment Act-a 1944 law that provided financial and educational benefits for WWII veterans
Created by: mrduff