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WWII Ch 16 vocab


Joseph Stalin Socialist leader of the Soviet Union during WWII
totalitarian character of a political system in which the government exercises complete control over its citizens' lives
Benito Mussolini fascist dictator of Italy
fascism a political system that advocates a strong, centralized, nationalistic government headed by a powerful dictator
Adolph Hitler Nazi leader of Germany
Nazism a type of fascism based on extreme nationalism and extreme racism
Neutrality Acts a series of laws enacted in 1935 and 1936 to prevent US arms sales and loans to nations at war
Neville Chamberlain British Prime Minister who, along with France, signed the Munich Pact with Germany
Winston Churchill Prime Minister of Great Britain during WWII
appeasement the granting of concessions to a hostile power in order to keep the peace
nonaggression pact an agreement in which two nations promise not to go to war with each other
blitzkrieg a sudden, massive attack with combined air and ground forces, intended to achieve a quick victory, a tactic employed by Germany against Poland
Charles de Gaulle French general and statesman who led the Free French Forces during WWII
holocaust the systematic murder of 11 million Jews and other people by the Nazis before and during WWII
Kristallnacht a name given to the night of Nevember 9, 1938, when gangs of Nazi storm troopers attacked Jewish homes, businesses, and synagogues in Germany
genocide the deliberate and systematic extermination of a particular racial, national, or religious group
concentration camp a prison camp operated by Nazi Germany in which Jews and othe groups considered to be enemies of Adolf Hitler were starved while doing slave labor or were murdered
Axis Powers the group of nations, including Germany, Italy, and Japan, that opposed the Allies in World War II
Lend-Lease Act a law that allowed the US to ship arms and other supplies, without immediate payment, to nations fighting the Axis powers
Atlantic Charter a 1941 declaration of principles in which the US and Great Britain set forth their goals in opposing the Axis powers
Allies during World War II, the nations, including Great Britain, the Soviet Union, and the United States, that opposed the Axis powers
Hideki Tojo Prime Minister of Japan during World War II
Created by: MrsBirenbaum