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Anatomy

DefinitionTerm
Systemic Anatomy definition organization of body into organ systems
Systemic Anatomy integumentary, skeletal, muscular, articular, nervous, circulatory, digestive, respiratory, urinary, reproductive, endocrine
Tissues epithelial, connective, muscle, nervous
Epithelial covers surfaces because cells are in contact, lines hollow organs, cavities and ducts, forms glands when cells sink under the surface
Connective tissues that bind together; cells rarely touch due to extracellular matrix; matrix (fibers & ground substance secreted by cells), consistency varies: liquid, gel, &solid; Doesn't occur on free surface, good nerve & blood supply except cartilage & tendons
Anatomical standing upright, facing the observer, eyes facing forward, feet flat on floor, arms at sides, palms turned forward
Prone lying face down
Supine lying face up
cephalic head
cranial skull
occipital base of skull
facial face
frontal head
orbital eye
otic ear
buccal cheek
nasal nose
oral mouth
mental chin
cervical neck
thoracic chest
sternal breastbone
umbilical navel
coxal hip
inguinal groin
trunk abdomen are
dorsal back
acromial shoulder
scapular shoulder lade
vertebral spinal column
axillary armpit
brachial arm
antecubital front of elbow
olecranal back of elbow
antebrachial forearm
carpal wrist
manual hand
dorsum back of hand
palmar palm
digital fingers
phalangeal fingers or toes
loin lumbar
sacral between hips
femoral thigh
patellar anterior surface of knee
popliteal hollow behind knee
crural leg
sural calf
pedal foot
tarsal ankle
digital toes
dorsum top of foot
plantar sole
calcaneal heel
abdominopelvic cavity location inferior portion of ventral body cavity below diaphragm encircled by abdominal wall, bones, and muscles of pelvis
abdominopelvic cavity organs liver, diaphragm, stomach, gallbladder, large intestine, abdominal cavity, pelvic cavity, small intestine, urinary bladder
thoracic cavity location encircled by ribs, sternum, vertebral column, muscle divided into two pleural cavities by mediastinum
mediastinum's organs thymus gland, heart, pericardial cavity, thoracic aorta, left pleural cavity, scapula, sternum, muscle, pericardium, right pleura, esophagus, sixth thoracic veertebra, rib
thoracic cavity organs left side, anterior to posterior thymus gland, heart, pericardial cavity, left lung, horaic aorta, left pleural cavity, scapula
anterior towards the front
posterior towards the back
thoracic cavity organs right side, anterior to posterior sternum, muscle, pericardium, right lung, right pleura, esophagus, sixth thoracic vertebra, right pleural cavity, rib
integumentary system dermal papilla, capillary loop, sweat pore, sebaceous gland, meissner copuscle, arrector pili muscle, hair follicle, hair root, eccrine sweat gland, pacinian corpuscle, sensory nerve, adipose tissue, vein, artery
tissue level integument stratum corneum, dead keratinocytes, stratum lucidum, stratum granulosum, lamellar granules, stratum spinosum, langerhans cell, melanocytes, stratum basale, merkel cell, tactile disc, sensory neuron, dermis, blood vessel
Cellular level integument keratinocyte, melanocyte, langerhans cell, merkel cell, sensory neuron
keratinocyte distinguish intermediate filament, keratin
melanocyte distinguish melanin granule
merkel cell distinguish tactile, Merkel disc
Created by: geraptiko