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Genral Terms

Assessment, Body Mechanics, Medical Asepsis

QuestionAnswer
What are the four techniques of physical exam? Inspection, palpation, percussion, & auscultation.
What is inspection? Lookinging and observing. It starts when you first meet the patient. Begin each phase of the exam with inspecting.
What is palpation? Palpation applies your sense of touch to assess factors such as texture, temperture, moiture,size, tenderness & swelling.
What is percussion? Tapping the person's skin with short, sharp strokes to assess underlying tissue.
What is auscultation? Listening to sounds produced by the body, using a stethoscope.
What is medical asepsis? A clean technique,which involves procedures and practices that reduce the number and transfer of pathogens. Example: hand hygiene
What is surgical asepsis? Sterile technique, includes practice used to render and keep objects and areas free from microorganisms. Example: inserting an indwelling urinary catheter.
What is a nosocomial infection? Health care associated infections (HAI) or infections that develop while a patient is in a health care facility.
Name two types of bacterial pathogens on the hands? Transient and resident
What is the characteristic of transient pathogens? Loosely attached to skin and under nails.
What is the characteristic of resident pathogens? Firmly attached to the skin and embedded in creases in the skin.
What is standard precautions? Precaustion for everyone regardless of their diagnosis or infection.
What is gravity? The force which pulls all objects toward the center of the earth.
What is the center of gravity? The point at which an object's mass is centered and the point at which the major weight of the body is concentrated.
Created by: markrocco