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Prsion LIFE CJ

criminal justice

QuestionAnswer
Deprivation of Functions of Subcultures Liberty Goods and services Heterosexual relationships Autonomy Personal security
Importation Criminal values and behaviors from outside
Structural Dimensions of Prison Society Prison-staff dichotomy Three general classes of inmates Work gangs and cell-house groups Racial groups Type of offense Power of inmate politicians Degree of sexual abnormality Record of repeat offenses Personality before prison
prison as a society they have their own structure different things focused on
Prisoner Types mean dude hedonist opportunist retreatist legalist radical colonizer religious gangbanger realist
Homosexuality Wolves, punks, fags
Prison rape 6,500 a year (underreported) Code of silence Part of prisonization for certain newcomers Most sexual aggressors do not consider themselves homosexual
Female Prisoners Mostly women of color Early to middle 30s Prior record of drug offense From a family with criminal background Victim of sexual abuse or domestic violence Substance abuse problem Health problems With a minor child, unmarried Undereducated Poor employment record
Gender Responsiveness Women have different needs Programs should be designed to address the women’s pathways to criminality, such as mental illness, substance abuse, economic marginality Relationship with children needs to be addressed Female criminals generally pose lower risk to public safety
Social Structure in Female Prison Female prisoners often share many characteristics Tendency to construct pseudofamilies Homosexuality Adaptation to deprivation Sexual misconduct between staff and inmates Three types: square, cool, and life Violence in women’s prison is less frequent than in male prison
Correctional Officers Guards Administrative tasks
% correctional officers 70% white; 22% black; 5% Hispanic
% female 20%
Staff culture and socialization Correctional Officers Custody Control Threat from inmates
Causes of Prison Riots Insensitive administration and neglect of inmates’ demands Previous lifestyles of most inmates Dehumanizing prison conditions Redistribution of power in inmate society Power vacuums
Hands-off doctrine Ended in 1970s Cruel and unusual punishment
when are inmates not entitled to the same constitutional rights when security and safety are compromised
Balancing test Individual rights vs. public order
Grievance Procedures resolving complaints
The Prison Litigation Reform Act of 1996 Administrative remedies first Judicial screening of complaints Physical injury only Pay filing fees Limiting attorney’s award Revoking good time credits if malicious Modifying the effect of court orders
AIDS in prison Sexual conduct unsanitized tattoos
Geriatric offenders A result of “tough on crime” Health issues
Mental illness Before prison and after prison
Overcrowding Money Security Early release
Total Institution enclosed facility separated from society both socially and physically inhabitants share all aspects of daily life
Prison Subculture Inmate values and behaviors shaping subculture and the subculture in turn dictates values and behaviors It is independent of prison administration, and usually not controlled by prison authorities Prison administration, however, may help promote a subculture Prisonization Prison jargon
Functions of Subcultures adaptation to deprivation and confinement
Created by: KyronCox