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Crim. Just Chapt 11


Prisons Economic benefits for local communities Concern about having criminals as neighbors 1325 state prisons and 84 federal prisons 1.6 millions prison inmates 7% are female prisoners
Reasons for Obsession with Incarceration “Tough on crime” rhetoric War on drugs and zero tolerance Reluctance to grant parole Probation violations elimination of good time credits Truth in sentencing requires longer prison terms Three strike laws
Prisoners Uneducated Illiterate Drug abuse Mental illness Poor job history Strained family ties Lack of skills
% of state crimes 50% violent crime 21% property crime 20% drug offenses
% Federal crimes 52% drug offenses
Race in Prison 487 per 100,000 Caucasian 3,161 per 100,000 African American 8% of black men ages 30 -34 were incarcerated
chance of incarceration Black male (32.3%) Black female (5.6%) Caucasian male (5.9%) Caucasian female (0.9%)
Predictors of Incarceration Rates Violent crime rates Political orientation Funding to maintain prisons Unemployment rates The percentage of African American men in the population Welfare support system
Concerns 64 billions per year for running prisons Overcrowding Basic human needs Adequacy of the facility’s staff Program opportunities The quality of prison management
Selective Incapacitation
Incapacitation rendering criminals no capacity to continue committing crime
Collective incapacitation Expensive
Selective incapacitation Identify career offenders False positives False negatives
Security Level Maximum Medium Minimum
Prisoner classification Type of offense Escape risk Danerousness
The Federal Prison System
system of feds prison The Federal Bureau of Prisons Five security level: ADMAX (in Florence Colorado) High security (USPs) Medium security (FCIs) Low security (FCIs) Minimum security (FPCs)
jail Locally operated short term confinement facilities 770,000 inmates
puroses of jails Pretrial detention Readmitting probation, parole violators Detaining juveniles or the mentally ill, pending transfer For protective custody, or contempt of court
Woman and Jail 12% of jail population Largest growth Few jails built with female needs in mind
Issues with Woman and Jail Uneducated Substance abuse Pregnancy (4% - 10%) STD Childe support
Private prison Correctional facilities operated by a private firm on behalf of a local or state government
Benefits of privitization Saving government money Easier to construct new facilities
Problems WITH privitization Public safety issues Liability issues Union strikes Jurisdiction Profit driven
Created by: KyronCox