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Science Review 29

QuestionAnswer
Which Kingdoms have single-celled organisms Protista and Monera
Bacteria belong to which Kingdom Monera
Name 3 non-vascular plants moss, liverworts, and kelp
Animals without backbones invertebrates
Animals with backbones vertebrates
What are the 5 classes of vertebrates Mammals, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and fish
Which vertebrates have fur and produce milk mammals
Which vertebrates have feathers birds
Is a snake a vertebrate or invertebrate? vertebrate
Which two groups of vertebrates are warm-blooded? Mammals and birds
How do ferns, moss, and fungi reproduce? spores
Mushrooms, yeast, mildew, and mold Fungi
Paramecium and amoeba Protista
King Phillip came over for good spaghetti Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species
Whale, walrus, dolphin, sea lion Mammals that live in water
Bats the only mammal that flies
Kingdom Animalia move from place to place; eat their food
Kingdom Plantae Don't move from place to place; make food through photosynthesis
Kingdom Fungi Don't move from place to place; absorb food from dead or living things
Kingdom Protista Single-celled, microscopic, lives in pond water
Kingdom Monera Single-celled, microscopic, no nucleus
The part of the atom with a postive (+) charge proton
The part of the atom with a negative (-) charge electron
The center part of an atom nucleus (atom)
What two particles are found in the nucleus proton and neutron
The part of the atom with no charge neutron
A pure substance that cannot be broken down element
Who invented the Periodic Table of the Elements Dmitri Mendeleev
Salad and trail mix Mixtures (examples)
Lemonade and saltwater Solutions (examples)
A mixture when something is dissolved into something else Solution
Gold, helium, lead, and oxygen elements (examples)
Water (h20), carbon dioxide (CO2), and salt (NaCl) compounds (examples)
The building blocks of life cells
The "brain" or control center of the cell nucleus (cell)
The thin outer covering of the cell cell membrane
The part of the plant cell where photosynthesis takes place chloroplast
What are two things that a plant cell has that an animal cell does not cell wall and chloroplast
Any living thing that is not a plant, eats food, and moves in some way Animal
a special feature or quality of something that sets it apart from others characteristic
the process of arranging living things into groups according to similarities in their structure and function classification
any living organism that has stem, leaf, and root structures, is green, and makes its own food plant
an organism that does not move from place to place and does not make its own food but absorbs food from other living or dead organisms fungus, fungi
one of the five main groups into which organisms are divided, whose members eat food and move from place to place Kingdom Animalia
one of the five main groups into which organisms are divided; and whose members often are green, make their own food and do not move Kingdom Plantae
a single-celled, seedlike structure made by many fungi and ferns that develops into a new organism spore
one of the five main groups into which organisms are divided; and whose members are single-celled, make or eat food and may move about Kingdom Protista
a single-celled organism with a nucleus and a cell membrane protist
one of the five main groups into which organisms are divided; and whose members are single-celled organsims with a cell wall. Members include the bacteria Kingdom Monera
a large group of animals, including mammals, fish, reptiles, and birds, which share the same characteristic of a backbone and spinal chord Phylum Chordata
any animal that has a backbone and internal skeleton vertebrate
describes an animal with a body temperature that changes with the temperature of its surroundings cold-blooded
a cold-blooded vertebrate that lives in water, has gills for breathing and fins for swimming and usually is covered with scales fish
describes an animal with a body temperature that stays the same even when the temperature of its surroundings changes warm-blooded
a cold-blooded animal with moist, scaleless skin living both on land and in water but unable to breathe under water amphibian
a cold-blooded vertebrate that breathes through lungs and whose body is covered by hard, dry plates or scales reptile
a warm-blooded vertebrate that lays eggs, is covered in feathers, has two wings and two legs birds
an animal that produces milk to feed its young, is warm-blooded, and whose body is covered by fur or hair mammal
simple plants with no tube or ducts to carry or transport water and nutrients non-vascular plants
complex plants with tubes and ducts to carry water and nutrients to the leafs, stems, and roots vascular plants
What are the most primitive, single-celled organisms called? bacteria
Who came up with the word cells by looking at cork under a microscope? Robert Hooke
Who was the first to see single-celled creatures with a microscope he invented? Anton Van Leeuwenhoek
What is the jelly-like substance inside the cell? Cytoplasm
What gives support and protection to the plant cell? cell wall
What do you call the thin outer covering of a cell that allows certain materials in and out of the cell cell membrane
What do you call the part of the plant cell where photosynthesis occurs? chloroplast
What is the green pigment in plants called? chlorophyll
What is the process by which plants make food using sunlight? photosynthesis
What is the cells control center (brain) called? Nucleus
What do you call the small structures inside a cell like the nucleus, vacuole, and mitochondria. organelles
What are two things that a plant cell has that an animal cell does not? cell wall and chloroplast
What do you call single-celled organisms that live in pond water? protists or protozoa
What shape are most plant cells? rectangular
What are the thread-like structures inside the nucleus that contain DNA chromosomes
What type of cells do not have a nucleus bacteria
What shape do animals cells tend to be? spherical or irregular
What part of the atom has a positive (+) charge? proton
What part of the atom has a negative (-) charge? electron
What is the center part of the atom called? nucleus
What part of the atom has no charge (neutral)? neutron
What two particles are found in the nucleus? proton and neutron
What is a pure substance made up of the same kind of atom? element
What makes on element different than another? the number of protons in the nucleus
What do we call the table that organizes all of the known elements? The Periodic Table of the Elements
Who was Dmitri Mendeleev he invented the Periodic Table
What is special about the columns in the Periodic Table they have elements with similar properties
What do you call two or more elements chemically bonded together? compound
What holds compounds together? chemical bonds
What part of the atom is shared when elements combine to form compounds? electrons
What is NaCl (sodium chloride) salt
What is CO2 carbon dioxide
What is the chemical formula for water? H20
Which can be separated more easily: a compound or a mixture mixture
Salad and trail mix are an example of: mixtures
salt, water, and carbon dioxide are examples of: compounds
Tell me something about sulfur: yellow, smells like rotten eggs, non-metal, used in making paper
Tell me something about carbon dioxide: colorless, odorless, we breathe it out, plants use it, used in paintball guns
Shiny, malleable, conducts heat and electricity; theses are properties of: metals
Are more elements metals or non-metals? metals
Created by: PRO Teacher lit123