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Unit II

Road to the American Revolution

TermDefinition
tyranny The unjust use of government power.
French & Indian War the war in America in which France and its Indian allies opposed England 1754–60: ended by Treaty of Paris in 1763
Proclamation of 1763 Issued by the British at the end of the French and Indian War to appease Native Americans by checking the encroachment of European settlers on their lands.
Boston Massacre a riot in Boston (March 5, 1770) arising from the resentment of Boston colonists toward British troops quartered in the city, in which the troops fired on the mob and killed several persons.
Taxation without representation the act of being taxed by an authority without the benefit of having elected representatives.
Battles of Lexington and Concord The British Army set out to capture rebel leaders Samuel Adams and John Hancock and destroy Americans store of weapons and ammunition to kick of the war.
Battle of Saratoga a crucial victory for the Patriots during the American Revolution and is considered the turning point of the Revolutionary War.
Battle of Yorktown The British general, Cornwallis, surrendered to George Washingon ending the American Revolutionary War
Valley Forge This is where Washington camped for 6 mos proving the courage of the America n soldiers.
Sons of Liberty A secret revolutionary organization that was founded by Samuel Adams in the Thirteen American Colonies to advance the rights of the European colonists and to fight taxation by the British government
Patriot Defending individual rights and wanted America to be it's own country free from British imperialism.
Loyalist Defending the mother country, Great Britain, during the American Revolution.
Taxes A sum of money demanded by a government for its support or for specific facilities or services (property, products, etc).
Stamp Act An act of British parliament requiring all colonists to pay a stamp tax on all pieces of paper.
Intolerable Acts Also known as the Coercive Acts; a series of British measures passed in 1774 and designed to punish the Massachusetts colonists for the Boston Tea Party.
Tariff An official list or table showing the taxes by a government on imports or exports.
Plantation a large area of privately owned land where crops are grown through the labor workers, especially enslaved people who lived on the land.
Created by: MWilliams2021