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vocabulary for ESL supplemental endorsement

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Acculturation   The process of adapting to a new culture. The process occurs through assimilation and marginalization.  
Assimilation   The members of a group are absorbed into a culture and lose characteristics of the first culture. The group is willing or forced to accept the surface and deep culture of the new culture and give up original culture.  
marginalization   Groups lacking desirable traits are excluded from society. These groups include poor, uneducated, undesirable color and language. These groups will stay on the margin of acceptance by society unless there is social intervention.  
Adaptation   Finding ways to adapt to and become part of the new culture while maintaining important values and customs of the original culture.  
Affective Filter   The psychological barrier that allows input to be filtered through to a language processing mechanism. A low filter has little anxiety increasing comprehension and attention.  
Bilingual Education   An education program in which two languages are used during instruction in order to 1)continue primary language development, 2) provide instruction in content in both L1 and L2, 3) English acquisition.  
BICS   Basic Interpersonal Communication Skills: Skills necessary for functioning in everyday life, face to face interactions. These skills usually take two years to develop in most second language learners.  
CALP   Cognative Academic Language Proficency: The aspects of language linked to literacy and academic achievement. These skills usually take five to seven years to fully develop in second language learners.  
Brain Lateralization   The functions of the left and right hemispheres of the brain which affect language acquisition.  
Chompsky, Noam   Professor Emeritus of Linguistics, MIT. Credited with the creation of the Theory of Generative Grammar. His naturalistic approach to the study of language affected the philosophy of language and mind through his Theory of Language Acquisition Device.  
Cognates   words which have a common origin.  
True Cognates   the word is spelled the same, meaning the same, but pronunciation will be different according to language structure of the words such as accent mark.  
Partial Cognate   The word in other languages has the same origin but the spelling will differ. The meaning will be the same but the pronunciation due to language structure will be different.  
False Cognate   The word in another language may have the same origin but will have a different spelling and a different meaning.  
Cognitive Strategies   Learning strategies that are taught to promote independent learning and higher order thinking skills.  
Comprehension Input   Language that is understood by the learner. Focuses on meaning first and uses simplified speech.  
Connotation   The implying or suggesting of an additional meaning for a word or phrase apart from the explicit meaning.  


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Created by: 13Uptom on 2012-02-19

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