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Worsham Ethics Q1

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Answer
Ethics   brand of phil. dealing with values relating to human conduct  
the legal def. of ethics   addresses rightness and wrongness of actions and goodness or badness of motive  
philosophy   set of ideas, values & oppinions of individuals or groups  
values   beliefs held in high esteem  
moral rules   have to do with right and wrong  
rules of prudence   self interest  
what are some sources of rules   OSHA, State Dept, IRS, FTC, NFDA  
what is the base for Freud's formation of personality   id  
what is the middle of Freud's formation of personality   ego  
what is the top of Freud's formation of personality   superego  
what are the traits of the id   selfish part of oneself, primal urges such as aggresion, sex, self-serving, self-centered, immediate gradification  
what are the traits of the ego   modifies, softens, controls id by acting as a buffer  
what are the traits of the superego   provides a picture in mind of what is right, values, etc. consideration of others  
what concept did Jean Pioget come up with   operatinal thought and developmental stages  
how many stages does Pioget have   four  
Pioget's stage 1, give a brief description   sensorimoter, no judgement acting as senses dictate  
Pioget's stage 2, brief description   pre-operation, use of tools from age 2 and up  
Pioget's stage 3, brief description   concrete operational, catagorizing/multiple meaning, age 7 and up  
Pioget's state 4, brief description   formal operational abstract thinking/ critical thinking, intensions become important age 12 and up.  
at what age do children start to see that rules are not absolute and question if it is right or fair   10 or 11  
conventional thought   convensions of social groups one lives in, consider what is good for society or social group  
preconventional thought   all about me, exchange in value, reward and punishment  
postconventional thought   what is good for the world  
Kohlberg come up with ____ levels and ___ stages   4, 6  
Kohlberg's level 0, description   pre moral, reactive  
Kohlberg's level 1, description   preconventional thinking, only consider oneself  
Kohlberg's stage 1   obediance & punishment  
Kohlberg's stage 2   individualism & exchange, do for others to get something in return  
Kohlberg's level 2   conventional morality  
Kohlberg's stage 3   good interpersonal relationships, more then simple deeds (love, trust, respect)  
Kohlberg's stage 4   maintain social order, start acknowledging community, obey law b/c it's the right thing to do  
Kohlberg's level 3   post-conventional, beyond conventions of society  
Kohlberg's stage 5   social contract and family rights  
Kohlberg's stage 6   universal principals  
what are some examples of where codes of ethics come from   personal, professional, motives, society  
theistic   principals in place/based on religion (God based)  
nontheistic   principals that would be in place with or without God (not God based)  
citizenship   rights and responsiblities that come from membership  
golden rule   do onto others as you would have them do on to you  
platinum rule   do onto others as they would have you do onto them  
public disclusure test   before you do something stop and think "what would happen if .....was the head line" or if you can't tell someone what you are doing/gonna do, should it be done  
universalization test   considers others. If everybody did what I'm going to do, would the world be a better place  
whistle blower   an employee with inside knowledge of illegal or unethical goings on  
no fear act   protects snitches. Identifies a whistle blower and protects them from retaliation  
conventional morality   rules set forth by a social group  
post conventional morality   1-individual rights 2-good for the group  


   





 
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Created by: Schael Hix Beltran Schael Hix Beltran on 2011-05-23



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