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Chapter 22 Instruments and definitions

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To separate tissues layers on a vertical plane using dissecting scissors   Undermine  
a tube, duct, or other hollow structure that forms a Y split   Bifurcation  
Instruments with a sharp edge that is used to cut and dissect tissue. This group includes scissors, scalpels, osteotomes, curettes, chisels, biopsy punches, saws, drills, and needles.   Cutting Instruments  
tearing or fragmenting easily when handled   Friable  
graduated, smooth instruments that are used to increase the diameter of an anatomical opening in tissue   Dilators  
soft, doughy; a characteristic of diseased tissue   Boggy  
an orthopedic instrument used to slice bone, one side is straight and the other is beveled   Chisel  
The area of a surgical instrument between the box lock and the finger ring   Shank  
The removal of tissue by scraping with a surgical curette   Curettage  
To divide an organ by sharp dissection   Transect  
A non-hinged sharp or dull tipped instrument an elevator is used to separate tissues or bluntly remodel tissues   Elevator  
the hinge point of many surgical instruments   Box Lock  
surgical instruments manufactured from inferior metal that can bend and break easily, fittings and joints are poorly constructed and fittings are poor quality   Floor grade instruments  
a V shaped bone chisel   Gouge  
sharpened   Honed  
a hinged instrument with sharp cup shaped tips that is used to extract pieces of bone or other connective tissue   Rongeur  
The delicate outer layer of tissue of most organs   Serosa  
the study of the structure of tissue   Histology  
a surgical clamp most often used to occlude a blood vessel   Hemostat  
The tips of a surgical instrument   Points  


   





 
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Created by: Denise Schoeninger-Hawkins Denise Schoeninger-Hawkins on 2010-11-29



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