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Dreaded Bacterias

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Gram positive cocci responsible for strep throat, tonsillitis and rheumatic fever   Streptococcus pyogenes  
Gram positive cocci responsible for Infective endocarditis   Streptococcus sanguis (Streptococcus viridans group  
Gram positive cocci responsible for dental caries   Streptococcus mutans  
Acid-fast bacilli responsible for Tuberculosis   Mycobacterium tuberculosis  
Bacteria responsible for Syphilis   Treponema pallidum  
Leukocytes that are granulocytes (3)   Basophils, eosinophils and neutrophils  
Leukocytes that are agranulocytes   lymphocytes and monocytes  
Immunity generated by b-lymphocyte production & release of antibodies into the blood. Defends mostly against bacteria, toxins and viruses.   Humoral  
Type of immunity that stimulates T-lymphocytes to activate a variety of T-cells to respond to antigens. Defends against bacteria, virus, fungi, protozoa, helminths and cancer cells   Cell-mediated immunityImm  
Immunity that is produces antibodies due to an exposure to an antigen.   Acquired-Natural Active  
Immunity that is passed on from mom to infant   Acquired -Natural Passive  
Immunity via vaccination with killed, inactivated or attenuated microorganisms or toxoid   Acquired -Artificial Active  
Immunity acquired via injection of immune serum or g-globulin   Acquired - Artificial PassiveA pro  
A protein that is produced as a result of the introduction of an antigen and has the ability to combine with the antigen that stimulated its production.   Antibody (Ab)  
A substance that can induce a detectable immune response when introduced into an animal   Antigen (Ag)  
A factor such as a lymphokine or monokine produced by cells that affect other cells (lymphocytes and macrophage) they include interleukins and interferons   Cytokine  
Most numerous Ig and the only one to cross placental barriers   IgG  
First Ig to appear in immune response   IgM  
Ig in external secretions, (tears, bile, saliva, urine)   IgA  
Ig that is thought activate the B-cell   IgD  
Ig that is important in immediate hypersensitivity (allergic) reactions and parasitic infections   IgE  
Cells that activate macrophages and cytotoxic & other T-cells   TH1 (helper)  
Cells that activates B-cells to secrete immunoglobulin   TH2 (helper)  
Which bacteria is responsible for candidiasis and what are the predisposing factors for this condition.   C. Albicans; diabetes, pregnancy, obesity, vitamin deficiency use of broad spectrum antibiotic and immunocompromised  
How do you contract Hep A? Chronic liver damage?   ingestion of contaminated food, ice or water, no liver damage  
How do you contract Hep B? Chronic liver damage?   blood or other body fluids, chronic liver damage  
How do you contract Hep C? Chronic liver damage?   blood or other body fluids, chronic liver damage  
How do you contract Hep D? Liver Damage?   This is a super infection and host must already be infected with chronic Hep B, Severe liver damage & high mortality rate  
How do you contract Hep E, liver damage?   contaminated drinking water, no liver damage  
How do you contract Hep G, liver damage?   bloodborne & co-infection with Hep C, no chronic liver damage  
Anti-HAV means what?   your body has an antibody to HAV, meaning acute or resolved infection  
HBsAg   HB surface antigen/Surface marker in acute disease and carrier state  
HBeAg   Hepatitis B e antigen/ High-titer HBV in serum indicates high infectivity, persists into carrier state  
HBcAg   Hep B core antigen, indicates acute, chronic or resolved Hep B infection  
If any of the Hepatitis virus names contain IgM, what is indicated?   Including IgM into the Hepatitis infection indicates recent infection.  
Anti-HAV means what?   your body has an antibody to HAV, meaning acute or resolved infection  
HBsAg   HB surface antigen/Surface marker in acute disease and carrier state  
HBeAg   Hepatitis B e antigen/ High-titer HBV in serum indicates high infectivity, persists into carrier state  
HBcAg   Hep B core antigen, indicates acute, chronic or resolved Hep B infection  
If any of the Hepatitis virus names contain IgM, what is indicated?   Including IgM into the Hepatitis infection indicates recent infection.  
Name the lesions that correspond to the stages of syphilis.   Primary-Chancre highly contagious, Secondary-mucous patch, highly contagious, Tertiary - Guma, not contagiousWhat  
What facultative anaerobic streptococci is dominate on the lips or vestibule?   Streptococcus vestibularis  
What bacteria is found on the hard palate?   Actinomyces spp. and Streptococcus spp  
What bacteria is found on the buccal mucosa?   S. oralis and S. mitis, and fewer are S. sanguis  
what bacteria is found on the tongue?   Predominantly S. oralis, S. mitis, and Streptococcus salivarius Stomatococcus mucilagenosus is found exclusively on the tongue  
which increased bacteria lead to halitosis due to an increase in VSC?   Porphyromonas, Prevotella, Fusobacterium, and Treponema spp.  
What bacteria is found on pits and fissures?   S. mutans and A. naeslundii  
What bacteria is found in interproximal surfaces?   A. naeslundii, Actinomyces israelii, Streptococcus spp., Veillonella spp., and Prevotella spp. Majority of streptococci are S. sanguis  
What are the drugs of choice for Mycobacterium Tuberculosis?   Isoniazid + rifampin ± pyrazinamide  
what antifungal agent would you give for an infection involving Candida   Nystatin  
what bacteria can become more abundant with denture wear, mucosa and malnutrition.   (C. albicans)  
what bacteria increases when sugar content is high in the diet?   Lactobacilli  
What bacteria predominate in early gingivitis?   Actinomyces organisms predominate for gram + gram - is the prevotella group  
Hormones, Diabetes, leukemic, drug induced gingival enlargement and poor nutrition are systemic factors that modify what sort of gingival disease?   plaque induced  
What is the predominate bacteria in NUG?   P. intermedia, spirochetes, and fusiform bacteria  
What is the predominate bacteria in NUP?   C. albicans, Haemophilus actinomycetemcomitans, F. nucleatum, and Porphyromonas gingivalis  
What is the predominate bacteria in chronic perio ? (includes all levels from slight to advanced)   P. intermedia, P. gingivalis, Eubacterium spp., F. nucleatum, spirochetes, Tannerella forsythensis (formerly Bacteroides forsythus), and Campylobacter rectus  
What is the principal bacteria in Aggressive perio?   Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, P. intermedia, Eikenella corrodens, Capnocytophaga sputigena  
What is the principal bacteria in Prepubertal and juvenile perio?   Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans  
What are the 4 clinically distinct forms of candidiasis?   Pseudomembranous candidiasis, erythematous candidiasis, angular chelitis, hyperplastic candidiasis  
What virus is responsible for hand-foot& mouth disease as well as herpangina?   coxsackievirus  
What virus would give you primary herpetic gingivostomatitis, as well as recurrent herpes?   Human herpevirus 1 or 2  
what virus would give you hairy leukoplakia?   Human herpevirus 4 (epstein barr)  
What virus gives you the chickenpox and later on maybe shingles?   Human herpevirus 3 (varicella-zoster)  
What virus gives you mono   Human herpevirus 4 (epstein barr)  
what category of chemical destroys all microorganisms, including high numbers of bacterial spores   Sterilant  
what category of chemical destroys all microorganisms, but not necessarily high numbers of bacterial spores   high level disinfectant  
what category of chemical destroys vegetative bacteria, most fungi, and most viruses; inactivates Mycobacterium tuberculosis var. bovis   intermediate level disinfectant  
what category of chemical destroys vegetative bacteria, some fungi and viruses; does not inactivate M. tuberculosis var. bovis   low level disinfectant  
Glutaraldehyde, glutaraldehydephenate, hydrogen peroxide, hydrogen peroxide with peracetic acid, peracetic acid are examples of what category of chemical?   Sterilant  
orthophthaldehyde is an example of what level of disintectant?   High level  
EPA-registered hospital disinfectant† with label claim of tuberculocidal activity (e.g., chlorine-based products, phenolics, iodophors, quaternary ammonium compounds with alcohol, bromides) are members of what level of disinfectant?   Intermediate level  
EPA-registered hospital disinfectant with no label claim of tuberculocidal activity (e.g., quaternary ammonium compounds) is what level of disinfectant?   low-level  


   





 
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Created by: Angie Heflin Angie Heflin on 2010-03-17



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