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Poultry Production

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Female Chicken   Hen  
Male Chicken   Rooster  
Young female chicken   Pullet  
Young Male Chicken   Cockerel  
Castrated male chicken   Capon  
Type of chicken used for Egg production   Layer  
Type of chicken used for Meat production   Broiler  
Type of chicken that can be used for both Egg & Meat production   Dual Purpose  
Process of checking an egg for defects or embryo developement using a light source   Candling  
Average chicken body temeperature   103 Degrees  
Average lifespan of a Chicken   6 years  
Embryo developement begins when the egg temperature reaches   86 degrees  
Fear of chickens   Alektorophobia  
Chicken's "True Stomach"   Proventriculus  
Storage chamber for food   Crop  
Thick muscled organ that grinds seeds down to finer particles with the use of grit   Gizzard  
The Gizzard uses this to help grind food down to smaller particles   Grit  
This part of the digetive tract digests vegetable matter   Cecum  
A circular ring inside an egg that identifies a dead egg   Blood Ring  
Average incubation period of a Chicken egg   21 days  
Average incubation temperature for a chicken egg   100 degrees  
The act of hatching   Pipping  
An infant chicken   Chick  
Popular Egg Laying Breed   Leghorn  
Popular Broiler Breed   Cornish  
Breed known for "Easter Eggs"   Araucana  
Largest Purebeed Chicken in the World   Jersey Black Giant  
Commercially raised breed of Turkey   Large White  
American Breed of Turkey   Bronze  
Laying breed of Duck   Indian Runner  
Meat breed of Duck   White Pekin  
Female Turkey   Hen  
Male Turkey   Tom  
Young Turkey   Poult  
Female Goose   Goose  
Male Goose   Gander  
Young Goose   Gosling  
Female Duck   Hen  
Male Duck   Drake  
Young Duck   Duckling  
South American Breed of Duck   Muscovy  
French Breed of Goose   Toulose  
Eggs produced every year in the U.S.   91 Billion  
Turkeys produced in California   16 Million  
Length of time it takes a chicken to make one egg   26 hours  
Average age a chicken will begin to lay eggs   5 months  
A common use for chicken Manure   Fertilizer  
Hard calcium armor that protects the embryo   Shell  
Types of shell membranes   Inner & Outer  
The proper name for the Egg White   Albumen  
Main food source for the developing embryo   Yolk  
String like structures that anchor the yolk in th center of the egg "Safety Belts"   Chalaza  
True point of Embryo Growth   Blastoderm  
Air space between the two membranes atht is the first oxygen source for the chick   Air Cell  
Release of Mature yolk from the Ovary   Ovulation  
Catches the yolk from the ovary   Infundibulum  
Adds the first 50% of the Albumen to the yolk   Magnum  
Adds the rest of the Albumen and the Shell   Uterus  
Passes the egg from the Uterus to the cloaca   Vagina  
Average length of incubation for a duck or turkey egg   28 Days  
The best time to candle eggs afetr incubation has began   10 Days  
the act of maintaining an environment that will allow a chick to develop within an egg and hatch   Incubation  
The act of a hen incubating a clutch of eggs   Brooding  
A group of eggs to be incubated   Clutch  
Capable of growing and developing into another generation   Fertile  
Not capable of producing offspring   Infertile  
Secondary food source as well as proteins for growth   Albumen  
The structure within the egg that aids in waste removal and gas exchange   Allantois  
The Female Germ Cell   Egg  
The male germ cell   Sperm  
In avian species, this gender produces germ cells that dictate the sex of the new embryo   Female  
The naturally occurring protective coating on the shell of an egg   Bloom  
Of or belonging to a recognized strain established by breeding individuals of unmixed lineage over many generations   Purebred  
The result of crossbreeding two unrelated strains or breeds with one another   Hybrid  
The process of breeding two unrelated purebred breeds of animals with one another   Crossbreeding  
Scientific Name for chickens   Gallus gallus domesticus  
Chickens eat both vegetation and insects   Omnivorous  
The oldest chicken lived to a ripe old age   16 years  
hanging flaps of skin either side under their beaks   Wattles  
Fleshy sail like growth that grows on the top of the head   Comb  
Dagger-like nails that grows from the legs of roosters and some females of certain breeds and species   Spurs  
Group of chickens   Flock  
Behaviors that prefer being social   Gregarious  
Social hierarchy   Pecking Order  
Rooster's territorial call   Crowing  
The modern ancestor of domestic chickens   Red Jungle Fowl  


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Created by: MrDiaz on 2009-11-13

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