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BMMS Rome Ch. 13

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Rome Ch. 13
Definition
Romulus   a legendary hero said to have founded Rome  
legend   a popular story from early times that cannot be proved  
Aeneas   a hero of the Trojan War, who settled in Italy  
Remus   twin brother of Romulus  
republic   a government in which people elect their leaders  
peninsula   a body of land surrounded by water on three sides  
patrician   class of people made up of wealthy landowners and government officials  
plebeian   class of mostly common farmers  
consul   one pair of elected officials who headed ancient Rome's executive branch and commanded the army  
Cincinnatus   a dictator chosen by the consuls to defend Rome from attack in 458B.C. He gave his power up after one day.  
tripartite government   a type of government that has three branches: executive, legislative, and judicial  
veto   to overrule  
Punic Wars   a series of three long wars Rome fought against Carthage  
civil war   an armed conflict between groups within the same country  
Julius Caesar   a Roman general who was appointed dictator for life in 44B.C. and then was assassinated  
Augustus(Octavian)   the first emperor of the Roman Empire in 27 B.C.  
Pax Romana   a period of Roman peace and stability that lasted 200 years  
SPQR   the call letters of the Roman Republic, it is Latin for the Senate and People of Rome  
aqueduct   a channel or pipe that carries water from a spring, stream, or lake into towns  
Colosseum   a large arena in Rome where gladiators fought  
gladiator   a trained warrior who engaged in combat to the death to entertain the public  
Hannibal   a general and leader of Carthage during the Punic Wars  
Scipio   a Roman general during the Punic Wars, he defeated Hannibal  
Twelve Tables   a written constitution passed by the patricians in 450B.C. , it established basic rights and duties for Roman citizens  
civic duty   duties that are people are expected to perform to serve their nation,. Americans show civic duty by paying taxes, voting, and taking part in jury duty  
Etruscans   a tribe from Northern Italy who ruled as kings over the Romans for 66 years  
assassinate   to murder for political reasons  
Gaul   modern day France  
Carthage   city-sate in N. Africa which Rome fought in the Punic Wars  
Latins   people who lived on the Latium plain  
Circus Maximus   a large oval stadium used for chariot racing  
dictator   a person invested with supreme authority during a crisis, the regular magistracy being subordinated to him until the crisis was met.  
mosaic   a picture or decoration made of small, usually colored pieces of inlaid stone, glass, etc.  
Cicero   a Roman consul who was a great speaker  
senate   a powerful branch of the Roman government made up of 300 patrician men who served for life  


   




 
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Created by: fish on 2008-02-06



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