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Language of Medicine 7th Edition - Chapter 3

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.

-algia   pain  
-cele   hernia  
-centesis   surgical puncture to remove fluid  
-coccus   berry shaped bacterium  
-cyte   cell  
-dynia   pain  
-ectomy   removal;excision;resection  
-emia   blood condition  
-er   one who  
-genesis   producing; forming  
-graphy   process of recording  
-lysis   breakdown, destruction, separation  
-malacia   softening  
-megaly   enlargement  
-penia   deficiency  
-phobia   fear  
-plasia   development, formation, growth  
-plasty   surgical repair  
-ptosis   drooping, sagging  
-sclerosis   hardening  
-statis   stopping, controlling  
-stomy   opening to form a mouth (stoma)  
-therapy   treatment  
-trophy   development, nourishment  
acr/o   extremities, top, extreme point  
acu/o   sharp, severe, sudden  
agor/a   marketplace  
amni/o   amnion (sac surrounding the embryo in the uterus)  
angio/o   vessel  
arteri/o   artery  
axill/o   armpit  
blephar/o   eyelid  
bronch/o   bronchial tubes (two tubes, one right and left, that branch from the trachea to enter the lungs)  
chem/o   drug, chemical  
chron/o   time  
col/o   colon (large intestines)  
hydr/o   water, fluid  
isch/o   to hold back  
lapar/o   abdomen, abdominal wall  
laryng/o   larynx (voice box)  
lympho/o   lymph (clear fluid that bathes tissue spaces)  
mamm/o   breast  
mast/o   breast  
morph/o   shape, form  
muc/o   mucus  
my/o   muscle  
myel/o   spinal cord, bone marrow  
necr/o   death (of cells or whole body)  
neutr/o   neutrophil (a white blood cell)  
ot/o   ear  
peritone/o   peritoneum  
phag/o   to eat, swallow  
phleb/o   vein  
plas/o   formation, development  
pneumon/o   lungs  
rect/o   rectum  
splen/o   spleen  
staphyl/o   clusters  
strept/o   twisted chains  
tonsill/o   tonsils  
ven/o   vein  
-er   one who  
-ia   condition  
-ole   little, small  
-ule   little, small  
-um, -ium   structure, tissue, thing  
-ar   pertaining to  
-ary   pertaining to  
-oid   resembling  
-ous   pertaining to  
-tic   pertaining to  
hernia   Protrusion of an organ or part through the muscle normally containing it.  
hiatal hernia   Occurs when the upper part of the stomach protrudes upward through the diaphragm. This condition can lead to GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease).  
inguinal hernia   Occurs when a small loop of bowel protrudes through a weak lower abdomenal muscle.  
rectocele   A protrusion of a portion of the rectum toward the vagina through a weak part of the vaginal wall muscles.  
omphalocele   A herniation of the intestines through the navel occurring in infants at birth.  
amniocentesis   Surgical puncture of the amniotic sac to withdraw amniotic fluid for analysis.  
streptococcus   A berry-shaped bacterium, grows in twisted chains. Can cause strep, tonsillitis, kideny ailments, infections of the teeth, sinuses and valves of the heart.  
staphylococci   Other berry-shaped bacteria, grow in small clusters, like grapes, may be external lesions or internal.  
abscess   A collection of pus, white blood cells, and protein that is present as the site of infection.  
diplococci   Berry-shaped bacteria organized in pairs.  
pneumococci   Cause bacterial pneumonia.  
gonococci   (blank)  
erythrocytes   red blood cells  
hemoglobin   (blank)  
leukocytes   (blank)  
granulocytes   (blank)  
eosinophils   (blank)  
basophils   (blank)  
neutrophils   (blank)  
phagocytes   (blank)  
polymorphonuclear leukocytes   (blank)  
mononuclear leukocytes   (blank)  
lymphocytes   (blank)  
monocytes   (blank)  
macrophages   (blank)  
thrombocytes or platlets   (blank)  
anemia   (blank)  
aplastic anemia   (blank)  
ischemia   (blank)  
ischemic   (blank)  
tonsillitis   (blank)  
tonsillectomy   (blank)  
acromegaly   (blank)  
achondroplasia   (blank)  
laparoscopy (peritoneoscopy or MIS)   (blank)  
MIS   minimally invasive surgery  
arterioles   (blank)  
venules   (blank)  
adenoids   (blank)  


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