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Extra WOM music terms from Book 8.

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Music Term
Definition
Harmonic Cadence   A two-chord progression at the end of each phrase, section, and whole piece.  
Authentic Cadence   V or V7 moving to a I.  
Half Cadence   Any chord (usually IV or ii) moving to V.  
Plagal Cadence   IV moving to I.  
Deceptive Cadence   V moving to a chord other than I, usually vi. Phrase length may be extended or obscured by means of a deceptive cadence.  
Melodic Range   The distance from the lowest to the highest melodic tone.  
Narrow Range   Up to 5 scale-steps.  
Moderate Range   5 or 6 scale-steps up to an octave plus two or three scale-steps.  
Wide Range   An octave plus four scale-steps or more.  
Scale   A stepwise ladder of tones.  
Chromatic Scale   A scale compromised entirely of half steps. e.g., C C# D D# E E# F F# G G# A A# B C  
Church Modes   Seven ancient scales with varying patterns of whole and half steps.  
Major Scale   A rising or falling series of step-wise tones, with the following pattern of whole and half steps: W W H W W W H.  
Minor Scale   A rising or falling series of step-wise tones, with the following pattern of whole and half steps for the natural minor scale: W H W W H W W.  
Pentatonic Scale   A scale with only five notes. e.g., C# D# F# G# A#.  
Whole-tone Scale   A scale compromised only of whole steps. e.g., C D E F# G# A#  
Tempo   The speed of steady beats moving in time.  
Largo   Very slow; broadly  
Adagio   Slowly; leisurely  
Andante   Moderately slow; walking speed  
Allegretto   Moderately fast, but not as fast as Allegro.  
Allegro   Fast  
Vivace   Fast and Lively  
Presto   Very Fast  
Texture   The manner in which all sounding parts are combined in music.  
Monophonic texture   One melody line sounding alone.  
Homophonic Texture   One melody line with accompaniment.  
Polyphonic Texture   Two or more melodically independent melody lines sounding at the same time.  


   





 
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