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civics vocab. ch. 3

Preamble introduction
Articles Numbered sections of a document; the unamended constitution is divided into seven articles.
constitutionalism Basic principle that government & those who govern must obey the law; the rule of law.
rule of law Concept that holds that government & its officers are always subject to the law.
separation of powers basic principle of american system of gov. that the executive, legislative, & judicial powers are divided among 3 independent & coequal branches of gov.
checks ad balances system of overlapping the powers of legislative, executive, and judicial branches to permit each branch to check the actions of the others.
veto chief executives power to reject a bill passed by a legislature (i forbid in latin)
judicial review the power of a court to determine the constitutionality of a governmental action.
unconstitutional contrary to constitutional provision & so illegal, null & void, of no force & affect.
federalism a system of government in which a written constitution divides power between a central, or national government & several regional gov.
amendment a change in or addition to a constitution or law.
formal amendment change or addition that becomes part of the written language of the con. itself through one of the 4 methods set out in the con.
bill of rights the first ten amendments in the con.
executive agreement a pact made with the president directly with the head of a foreign state; a binding international agreement with the force of law but which does not require senate consent.
treaty a formal agreement between two or more sovereign states.
electoral college group of persons chosen in each state & the district of Columbia every 4 years who make a formal selection of the president & V.P.
cabinet presidential advisory body, traditionally made up of the heads of the executive department & other officers.
senatorial courtesy custom that the senate will not approve a presidential appointment opposed by a majority party senator from the state in which the appointee would serve
informal amendment day-to-day, year-to-year experiences of gov. under the con.
Created by: crystaljanicek