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ms.clark anatomy

Anatomical Position The body is erect, palms face forward, and thumbs point away from the body.
Axial includes head,neck,and trunk.
Appendicular Upper and lower limbs and their girdles.
Body Planes flat surfaces at right angles to each other.
Sagittal separate the body into left and right sides.
Midsagittal separates the body into equal left and right sides.
Frontal separates the body into anterior and posterior parts.
transverse or horizontal Divides the body into superior and inferior part
Body Sections Cuts along specific planes
Transverse or cross section Cut along the transverse plane
Oblique Cuts at angles between the horizontal and vertical planes
Body cavities and membranes Spaces within the body that are closed to the outside and contain internal organs
Dorsal Cavity, cranial and vertebral or spinal cavity contains central nervous system.
Cranial (skull) Brain
Vertebral(vertebral column) Spinal cord
Thoracic Ventral Lungs,heart,esophagus,trachea,thymus gland and separated by the diaphragm
Abdominal cavity upper portion;stomach,kidneys,liver,spleen,gallbladder,and most of the small and large intestine
pelvic cavities terminal end of the large intestine, bladder,internal reproductive organs
oral cavity Teeth and tongue
Nasal Cavity Nose,divided by a nasal septum and connected to sinuses
Orbital Cavities Eyes and associated muscles and nerves
Middle ear Middle ear bones
Parietal serosa lines body cavity wallas are named for the specific cavities
Visceral Serosa cover outer surfaces of organs
Serous fluid Fluid found between membranes to allow for movement without a lot of friction
Created by: MHaberman94