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Intro- Medical Terms

QuestionAnswer
Abdominecentesis Surgical puncture of the abdominal cavity
Acronym Word formed from the initial letters of the major parts of a compound term
Acute condition that has a rapid onset, a severe course, & a relatively short education
Angiography The X-ray examination of blood vessels or lymphatics following injection of a radiopaque substance.
Appendectomy Excision of the vermiform appendix appendix
Arteriosclerosis Degenerative changes in the arteries, characterized by the thickning of the vessel walls and accumulation of calcium with consequent loss of elasticity and lessned blood flow.
Arthalgia Pain in the joint or joints
Colostomy the construction of an artificial opening from the colon through the abdominal wall, thus by passing a diseased portion of the lower intestine and permitting the passage of intestinal contents
Cyanosis blueness or lividness of the skin, as from imperfectly oxygenated blood
Dermatologist Doctor who specializes on the treatment of diseases on the skin
Diagnosis The process of determining by examination the nature and circumstances of a diseased condition
Diarrhea Frequent flow of loose or watery stools
Edema Swelling cause by excess fluids in the body tissues
Endarterial The innermost lining of a an artery
Eponym Disease structure, operation, or procedure named for the person who discovered or discribed it first.
Erythrocyte The red blood cells
Fissure A groove or crack like sore of the skin
Fistula Abnormal passage ussually between two internal organs or leading from an open organ to the surface of the body
Gastralgia Stomach Pain
Gastritis Inflammation of the stomach
Grastroentitis Inflammation of the stomach and the small intestine
Gastrosis any disease of the stomach
Hemorrhage loss of a large amount of blood in a short period of time
Hepatomegaly Abnormal enlargment of the liver
Hypertension higher than normal blood
Interstitial Between both not within the parts of a tissue
Intramuscular within the muscle
Laceration tored of jagged wound or accidental cut wound
lession pathologic path of the tissues due to the disease or injury
Mycosis abnormal condition or disease caused by a fungus
Myelopathy describes any pathologic change or disease in the spinal cord
Myopathy describes any pathologic change or disease of muscle tissue
Myorrhexis rupture of any muscle
natal pertaining to birth
neonatalogy the studies of the disorders of the newborn
neurtis inflammation of a nerve or nerves
otorhinolaryngology the study of the ears, larynx, or throat
palpation examination technique in which the examiners hands are used to feel the texture size consistency & location of a certain body part.
palpitation pounding or racing of the heart
pathology the study of all aspects of diseases
hypotension lower than normal blood
infection invasion of the body by a pathogenic organism
inflammation localized response to an unjury or destruction of tissues
phalanges bones in fingers & toes
poliomyelitits viral infaction of the gray matter of the spinal cord
prognosis the prediction of the probable course & outcome of a disorder
prostate male gland that lies under the urinary bladder that surrounds the urethra
pyoderma any acute, inflammatory, pus formming bacterial infection
pyrosis also known as heartburn, is discomfor due to the regurgitation of stomach acid upward into the esophagus
remission temporary, partial, or complete dissapereance of the simptoms of a disease without having achieved a cure
sign objective evidence of a disease such as 'fever' (objective means something that can be measured by the patient or others )
supination the act or rotaing the arm so that the palm of the hand is forward or upward
suppuration the formation or dischrge of pus
supracoastal above or outside the ribs
symptom subject of evidence of a disease, such as a headache or pain
Syndrome set of the signs and symtoms that occur together as a part of a specific disease process
tonsillitis inflammation of the tonsils
trauma wound or injury
triage medical screening of patients to determine their relative priority of need & the proper place for treatment
viral pertaining to a virus
Created by: yesehern on 2012-09-10



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