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History P.6


Prohibition the erido from 1920-1933 during which the 18th Amendment forbidding the manufacture and sale of alcohol was in force in US 21st amendment ended Prohibition
prohibition the complete banning of manufacture, sale, and possession of alcoholic beverages
speakeasies a place where drinks were sold and consumed illegally during Prohibition
fundamentalist a protestant religious group movement grounded in the belief that all the stories and details in the Bible are literally true
Scope's Trial 1925 court case in which biology teacher John T. Scopes was tried for challenging a Tennessee law that outlawed the teaching of evolution
Clarence Darrow hired by the ACLU to defend Scopes, most famous trial lawyer of the day, (William jennings Bryan opponent)
bootleggers smuggled liquor into America through Canada, Cuba, and the West Indies
flapper one of the free-thinking young women who embraced the new fashions and urban attitudes of the 1920s
double standard a set of principles granting greater sexual freedom to men than to women
Charles A. Lindbergh first man to make a nonstop solo flight across the Atlantic
Geroge gershwin merged traditional elements with American Jazz, creating a new sound that was 'American'
Georgia O'Keeffe produced intensly colored canvases tat captured the grandeur of New York
Sinclair Lewis First American to win the Nobel Prize in literature (Babbitt ridiculed Americans for their conformity and materialism)
F. Scott Fitzgerald coined "Jazz Age" Great Gatsby revealed negative side of period's gaiety and freedom
Edna St. Vincent Millay wrote poems celebrating youth and a life of independence and freedom from traditional constraints
Ernest hemingway became best-known exatriate author, criticizing the glory of war
Nativism a prejudice feeling against foreign born people, in America the idea itself made no sense because all of us are foreigners unless native American
Isolationsim a policy of ulling away from involvment in world affairs, after WWI the US was recognized as a super power making it impossile to remain isolated
Three negatives of the end of WWI A wave of nativism and isolationism spread, te economy suffered due to the lack of war demands, the fear of Communism rose
Communism one party system, with not free will
Anarchism a complete lack of government
1921 Quota System establised a maximum number of people who could enter the country from a foreign country
A. Mitchell Palmer along with J. Edgar Hoover took action to combat the "Red Scare" (fear of rising communism) by hunting down suspected communists socialists & anarchists
Sacco and Vanzetti Two men more affected by the "Red Scare" arrested and charged with the murder of a paymaster in Massachusetts. The evidence was circumstantial & both had allibies, still found guilty and executed
Kellogg-Briand Pact singed by 15 countries renouncing war as a national policy
Teapot Dome Scandal Albert B. Fall transferred oil rich reserves set aside for the Navy & Secretary of Interior to Interior Department then transferred them to private oil companines
Urban sprawl as the automobile became more popular people egan moving farther from their jobs, cities grew
Installment PLan enabled people an extended amount of time without havin to put down much money at the time of purchase
Fordney-McCumber Tariff leads to Dawes Plan(1924) FM tariff put a 60% tax on US imports forcing Britain and France to look to Germany for the money they owed from WWI to pay for goods. The US then loaned money to Germany which they loaned to France and Britatin who gave it right back
Three cultural changes for Females Higher level of equality in their homes Began moving from just housewives to the workplace Gained a new freedom/attitude when in public (flapper)
Two purposes for the existence of secondary education Demand in the industrial field Also needed to teach English
Zora Neale Hurston Born in Eatonville Florida, attended Harvard University, moved to New York and fought her way to the top of African American literary society
James Weldon Johnson poet, lawyer, NAACP executive secretary, fought for antilynching laws
Marcus Garvey Immigrated from Jamaica, believed blacks should live in their own communities, founded the NAIA in 1914 moved in 1920 to New York along with million followers
Harlem Renaissance a literary and artistic movement celebrating African American culture
Claude McKay Novelist and poet, militant verses urged Blacks resist prejudice and discrimination, oems expressed pain of life in black ghetto
Langston Hughes poem writer main topic the struggle of a working-class African American
Paul Roberson son of a won time slave became a major dramatic actor
Louis Armstrong famous trumpet player, maybe the most influential man in history of jazz music
Duke Ellington jazz pianist and composer
Bessie Smith Female blues singer
Wilsons' Fourteen Points 1-5 End to secret treaties, freedom of the seas, free trade, reduced national armies and navies, colonial fairness
Wilsons' Fourteen points 6-14 6-13 border changes in relation to Self Determination. Allow people to decide what government they choose to live under 14th point established the League of Nations
Great Depression Began October 29th 1929(known as Black Tuesday) ended in 1940
Financial Collapse the economy went down and unemployment went up, the banks had invested money leaving some without anything because the government did not insure the banks at the time,
Financial Collapse the economy went down and unemployment went up, the banks had invested money leaving some without anything because the government did not insure the banks at the time,
Howley-Smoot Tariff protective tariff on American Goods which led to a tariff on British goods
The Causes of the Great Depression tariffs+war debt policies set that cut down foreign market+American goods,farmer sector crisis, availabilty easy credit,unequal distrib. of wealth,demand in goods+government down kept interest rates lowand people could borrow money which accumulated debt
Effect on peoples lives family was strengthened, men in street - hobos, no federal relief system, began saving, dangers on the road, suicide up
Herbert Hoover "We in America are never to the final triumph over poverty than ever before" believed the eople needed to remain optimistic, believed government should help forces cooperate, opposed welfare belief in American individualism/rugedness, asked banker.
Herbert Hoover cont. told industrialists, bankers, and laborers to work together, the boulder dam(Hoover DAM)
1930s Democrats won the election forcing the Republicans to give up many of their seats in the Senate
Federal Home Loan Bank Act lowered mortgage rates for homeowners and allower farmers to refinance
Glass-Stegall Banking Act spearated investment from commerical banking with the intent of preventing another crash
Army Bonus (1932)
Created by: mpolizzi1