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hemotology and lympi

disorders and pathology Oak Horizon

lymphadenopathy enlargement of the lymph glands
lymphoma malignant tumor of the lymph tissue
multiple myeloma malignant tumor of bone marrow cells
thyoma malignant tumor of the thymus
autoimmune disease ... failure of the body to distinguish self and nonself resulting in a progressive disease process with periods of exacerbation or flare-up.
autoimmune diseases • systemic lupus erythematosus • rheumatoid arthritis • myasthenia gravis • idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura • vasculitis
infectious mononucleosis infection caused by Epstein-Barr virus characterized by swollen lymph nodes, sore throat, fever, fatigue, malaise and headache
Hodgkin Disease malignant disease affecting the lymph nodes.Primary is painless enlargement of the lymph nodes
leukemia ... Leukemia is a form of cancer in which WBCs multiply widely within bone marrow. WBCs crowd out developing RBCs and platelets, leading to anemia and impaired blood clotting. Healthy bone marrow is replaced by malignant cancerous cells.
acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) ... the most common, primarily affects pediatric or early adolescent individuals.
chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) ... associated with the Philadelphia chromosome, usually affects adults between 40-50 years of age.
chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) ... primarily found in patients older than 50 years of age. Malignant cells replace healthy bone marrow and the leukocyte population is affected.
Causes of death from leukemia internal hemorrhaging; usually in the brain; increased % of WBCs but many are abnormal and immature, which make them unable to fight bacterial disease
AIDS - Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome ... caused by a virus identified as human T-lymphotropic virus type III; also known as HIV.
AIDS/HIV death usually due to rare infections called opportunistic infections pneumonia, or cancer.
Kaposi sarcoma malignancy directly related to AIDS; appears as bluish-red nodules on the skin.
signs of lymphadenopathy abnormal lymph node size;tenderness to palpation; lymph node consistency includes commonly found shotty nodes; matted or connected nodes; splenomegaly;
lymphangiogram xray examination of a lymph vessel
lymphangiectomy removal of a lymph vessel
splenectomy removal of the spleen
thymectomy removal of the thymus
bone marrow aspiration bone marrow specimen taken for examination and diagnosis
bone marrow transplant transplantation of bone marrow from donor to recipient used for treating immunodeficiency disorders
Created by: smithson