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Abbreviations and info needed for Quiz 1

Charlatans people with no medical training that offered worthless "snake oil" cures
Family Doctor 18th-early 20th century health care provider trainind in general healthcare skills who treated patients in their home
Holistic approach to healthcare focuses on treating the whole person, physical and emotional needs are met
Hospital type of HC organization, usually for acute care, can be general or specific - take care of patients
Sub-acute Care Units Skilled nursing units, can be within a hospital, rehab facility - patients require recovered enough to leave the hospital but not enough to go home - take care of patients
Long-term Care Facility Nursing home - for people unable to care for themselves at home - take care of residents
Assited Living Facility Type of long-term care facility for people who need limited help - take care of residents
Home Health Care Provide skilled care in a person's home - take care of clients
Hospice Organiztions Provide care for people who are dying and their families. Receive services when 3-6 months to live
DON Director of Nursing - supervises RN's, LPN's and CNA's
Who is the focus of the healthcare team? the patient or resident
US Department of Health and Human Services primary government agency responsible for protecting the nation's health - DHHS
OBRA Omnibus Budget Reconcilliation Act of 1987 - law passed to protect people living in long term care facilities by ensuring a certain standard of care
FDA Food and Drug Administration - ensures safety of the nation's drugs, medical devices, food and cosmetics
CDC Centers for Disease Control
The Joint Commission private independent agency that can certify (or accredidate) a facility's healthcare standards or quality
OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration - government agency responsible for protecting workers ensuring their safety
Medicare federally funded insurance for 65 and older or younger diabled people
Medicaid federally funded state regulated insurance plan for low income people
CNA Training OBRA requires minimum 75 hours of classroom training, hands on and clinical experience and a competency evaluation(test)and skills test
What does OBRA require each state to maintain? OBRA requires states to maintain a registry of people who have successfully completed the training
y.o. year old
Dx diagnosis
CVA cerebral vascular accident
Fx fracture
ADL activities of daily living
amb ambulate
HOH hard of hearing
gtt drop
gtts drops
r right
l left
bid twice a day
prn as needed or as necessary
Hx history
DM diabetes mellitus
FBS fasting blood sugar
ac before meals
q every
HS hour of sleep
c/o complain of
b/p blood pressure
ECG electrocardiogram
wnl within normal limits
HOB head of bed
bm bowel movement
qd every day/daily
LVN licensed vocational nurse
LPN licensed practical nurse
RN registered nurse
Charge Nurse RN or LPN/LVN who supervises other nurses on a shift
Scope of Practice range of tasks a CNA is legally permitted to perform
Five Rights of Delegation Right Task - is it legally allowed Right Circumstance - can it be performed safely Right Person - am I trained for this Right Direction - do I have clear directions Right Supervision - is the nurse available to supervise and answer questions
Patients' Rights Respectful, information, decision power, specify wishes, privacy, confidentiality, ability review records, suggest alternatives, informed of business relationships, agree or decline studies, informed of otions, payment options
Residents' Rights care decisions, privacy, free from abuse, visitors and share room w/spouse, personal pocessions, finances, informed Medicare-aid, facility compliance, stay in facility, join groups, advocacy groups, right to work or volunteer at the facility
Advanced Directive Document that allows wishes regarding healthcare to be known
Durable Power of Attorney transfers responsibility for healthcare decisions to someone else - healthcare agent to make decisions on the persons behalf
Living Will allows person to give on end of life medical treatments - what they want and do not want done
Civil Law laws concerned with relationships between individuals
Criminal Law laws concerned with relationship between individual and society
Unintentional Tort harm or injury occurs without intent - negligent
Tort a wrong
Intentional Tort harm or injury that is intentional - ex. defamation, assault, battery, fraud, larceny
Defamation making untrue statements that hurt another's reputation - oral=slander, written=libel
Ethics moral principals or standards that govern behavior
Communication exchange of information
Describe the Process of Communication Sender creates a message, sender delivers a message, receiver receives a message, receiver provides feedback
Verbal Communication uses language - spoken, written or signed
Non-verbal Communication uses facial expressions, gestures, body language, tone of voice - tends to be more subtle
Open ended questions effective way to communicate to get people to talk and make sure that they understand you
Objective Data information that you obtain directly through measurement or your 5 senses
Subjective Data information that is a symptom told by the patient, cannot be measure directly or assessed
Reporting required by nursing assistants - report - observations,patient/resident complaints of pain or discomfort, refusal of treatment or request for clergy
Recording/Charting communicating about a patient/resident to their healthcare team members in written ruler
Steps of the Nursing Process 1. Assessment 2. Diagnosis 3. Planning 4. Implementation 5. Evaluation
Steps to correct error in a medical report Draw a line through the error, write error above, write correct data and initial
Acute Illness condition characterized by rapid onset and short recovery time
Chronic Illness ongoing condition that needs continuous treatment and or medication
Terminal Illness illness or condition from which recovery is not expected
Stages of Growth and Development infancy-birth to 1yr, toddler- 1 to 3yrs, preschool- 3 to 5yrs, school age-5 to 12yrs, adolescence- 12-20yrs, young adulthood- 20 to 40yrs, middle adulthood-40 to 65yrs, later adulthood-65 to 75yrs, old adulthood-75+yrs
Maslow's Hierarchy of Human Needs visual hierarchy that low level needs must be met before higher level needs can be addressed
TB Tuberculosis - airborne disease
TB Infection person is infected but does not show signs of the disease - your immune system is protecting you from getting sick
TB Disease immune system has failed, person needs treatment and medication
Created by: jlcarreiro