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Eng Voca Chinese

QuestionAnswer
abacus "abacus n.算盤 【源】字源為希伯來語abaq""灰塵"",因為算盤很容易""髒""。 【類】abacus:calculate=sextant:navigate 算盤用來計算=六分儀用來航海 (sextant為怒海爭鋒中羅素克洛與航海軍官手中所拿用來測天定位的""六分之一圓""儀器)"
abandon "abandon vt./n. 放棄,遺棄=forsake; 【例】The crew abandoned their ship 船員們放棄了他們的船。 放縱 abandon oneself to N/Ving=放縱於/沉溺於... 【例】Do not abandon yourself to drinking 不要沉溺於飲酒。 【類】inhibition:abandon=agitation:tranquility 禁欲不放縱=激動不寧靜"
abase "abase v.降低,使謙卑 ( 降低地位、威望或尊嚴 ) =disgrace=debase=demean 【例】A man who betrays friends abases himself. 出賣朋友的人實際上是自貶身份。 【根】base 源自拉丁語 bassus[低的],讀音像貝斯 ( 一種低音樂器 ) 【參】debase ( v.貶低 ) ;basement ( n.底下室 ) "
abashed "abashed adj.不安的,窘迫的=embarrassed 【源】︰abash ( vt.使局促不安 ) bash=bath在別人面前洗澡→abash 【類】unabashed:embarrassment=unheralded:announcement 不窘迫的不是尷尬=不預告的不是公告 【反】embolden ( vt.使大膽;使勇敢 ) →abash"
abate "abate vt.使 ( 數量、程度等 ) 減少,減輕=wane=annihilate=eradicate=exterminate=extirpate; ( 法令等 ) 被廢除=abolish 【例】abate a tax 減稅 The medicine abated her pain. 這種藥減輕了她的痛苦。 【根】bate 打 【參】rebate ( vt.給回扣 ) ,debate ( v.辯論 ) "
abbreviate "abbreviate v.縮寫,簡化=curtail=retrench=slash 【例】 to abbreviate the December to Dec 把December 簡寫為 Dec 【根】 brev短; 【參】︰brevity ( n.簡短 ) 【類】abbreviate:sentence=abridge:essay 縮短句子=縮寫文章 abbreviation:sentence=synopsis:narrative 縮寫縮短句子=大綱縮短敘述"
abdicate "abdicate v. ( 正式 ) 放棄 ( 權力、高職位或責任 ) =relinquish=shed=slough 【例】to abdicate the office 辭職 abdicate a right 放棄權利 【根】ab遠離,dic宣布,說話,命令→宣布遠離,遠離命令→退位 ab遠離,dicate=dictator ( n.獨裁者 ) →放棄權力 【參】abdicator ( n.退位者 ) ;indicate ( v.表示,暗示 ) "
Created by: Oiping Wong Oiping Wong on 2012-06-15



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