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a-, an- Without
ACTH Adrenocorticotropic Hormone
ADH Antidiuretic Hormone
ad- Toward
AIDS Acquired immune deficiency syndrome
amni/o Amnion
andr/o Male
ante- Before, in front of
anti- Against
an/o Anus
ASAP As Soon As Possible
-asthenia Weakness, debility
BaE Barium
bi- Two
melan/o Black, Dark
Hemat/o, hem/o Blood
cyan/o Blue
BM Bowel Movement
oste/o Bone
brady- Slow
encephal/o Brain
CAD Coronary Artery Disease
cardi/o Heart
chondr/o Cartilage
CBC Complete Blood Count
-cele Hernia, Swelling
cyt/o, -cyte Cell
CHF Congestive Heart Failure
chlor/o Green
choledoch/o Bile Duct
-clasis To break, surgical
-esis,-ia, -ism, -y Condition of
contra- Against, opposite
COPD Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
core/o Pupil
CPR Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
crani/o Cranium
crin/o Secrete
cry/o Cold
CSF Cerebrospinal Fluid
CT Computed Tomography
CVA Cerebrovascular Accident
D Dilatation & Curettage
-dacry/o Tear
necr/o Death, necrosis
-penia Decrease
den/o Teeth
di- Double
dia- Through, across
-ectasis Dilation, Expansion
dys- Bad, Painful, Difficult
aur/o, or/o, auricul/o Ear
phag/o, -phagia Eating, swallowing
ECG Electrocariogram
ect/o Outside, outward
-ectomy Excision, Removal
-edema Swelling
EEG Electroencephalography
-emesis Vomiting
-emia Blood condition
mega-, -megaly Enlargement
eosin/o Dawn (rose coloured)
epi- Above, upon
ER Emergancy Room
-esthesia feeling
eu- Good, normal
Hyper- Excessive
exo- Outside, Outward
ocul/o, opthalm/o Eye
pseudo- False
primi- First
-poesis Forming, Producing
FSH Follicle-Stimulating Hormone
Fx Fracture
gastr/o Stomach
GI Gastrointestinal
aden/o Glands
gluc/o Sugar, Sweetness
glyc/o Sugar, Sweetness
GP General Practitioner
-gram Record
-graph Instrument to record
-graphy Process of recording
glauc/o, poli/o Gray matter, gray
Hbg Hemoglobin
acous/o, -acusis, audit/o, audi/o Hearing
HEENT Head, Ears, Eyes, Nose & Throat
hemi- One half
histo- Tissue
Hx History
Hypo- Below, Deficient
-iasis Abnormal condition
ichthy/o Dry, Scaly
ICU Intesive Care Unit
IDDM Insulin-Dependent Diabtetes Mellitus
ili/o Ilium
-ism Condition
-tomy Incision
-itis Inflammation
infra- Below, under
irid/o Iris
kal- Potassium
kary/o Nucleus
keton/o, nephr/o Kidney
kinese/o Movement
KUB Kidney, Ureter, Bladder
later/o Side, To the side
-lith/o Stone
-lysis Seperation; destruction; loosening
-malacia Softening
metr/o Measuring
men/o Menses, Menstruation
mening/o Meninges
mes/o Middle
meta- Change, beyond
-meter Instrument for measuring
-metry Act of measuring
mmHg millimeters of mercury
MRI Magnetic Resonance Imaging
morph/o Form, Shape, Structure
MS Mutiple Sclerosis
my/o, myos/o Muscle
myel/o Bone marrow
narc/o Stupor, numbness, sleep
NIDDM Non-insulin-dependent Diabtetes Mellitus
NPO Nothing by mouth
NSAIDS Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory Drugs
nyct/o Night
OB-GYN Obstetrics & Gynaecology
OD Overdose, Right Eye
-oid Resembling
-ologist Specialist
-ology Study of
-oma Tumor
onych/o Nail
oophor/o Ovary
-osis Abnormal Condition
-algia, -algesia Pain
PERRLA Pupils equal, round & reactive to light & accommodation
PAP Papanicolaou (test)
para- Near,Beyond, Beside
-plegia Paralysis
parathyroid/o Parathyroid
-pathy Disease
-penia Decrease, Deficiency
-pepsia Digestion
per- Through
peri- Around
-phasia Speech
-phonia Voice
-physis Growth
pil/o Hair
-plasty Surgical Repair
pod/o Foot
poli- Gray, Gray matter
poly- Many, Much
pre- Before, In front of
-cyesis, gest/o Pregnancy
pro- Before, Infront of
-prostat/o Prostate Gland
pt. Patient
-ptosis Prolapse, Downward displacement
-ptysis Spitting
pulmon/o Lung
pyel/o Renal pelvis
R/O Rule Out
MI Myocardial Infarction
RA Rheumatoid Arthritis
RBC Red Blood Count, Red Blood Cells
Rect/o Rectum
erythr/o, erythem/o Red
Retro- Backward, Behind
ROM Range Of Motion
-rrhagia Bursting Forth
-rrhapy Suture
-rrhea Discharge, Flow
-rrhexis Rupture
RUQ Right Upper Quadrant
salping/o Tube
sacroma Malignant tumor of connective tissue
scoli/o Crooked, Bent
-scope Instrument for examining
-scopy Visual examination
seb/o Sebum, Sebaceous
sial/o Saliva, Salivary Gland
derm/o Skin
SOB Shortness Of Breath
somat/o Body
-phasia Speech
myel/o Spinal Cord
spin/o Spine
splen/o Spleen
-stasis Standing still
STAT Immediatly
STD Sexually Transmitted Disease
sub- Under, Below
gluc/o Sugar
supra- Above, Excessive, Superior
sudor/o Sweat
T Tonsillectomy & Adenoidectomy
-tachy Rapid
TB Tuberculosis
dacry/o Tear, Tear duct
thrombo- Blood Clot
TIA Transient Ischemic Attack
-tome Instrument to cut
-tomy Incision
ton/o Tension
-toxic, toxic/o Toxic
trache/o Trachea
trans- Across, Trhough
TSH Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone
TURP Transuretheral Resection of the prostate
UA Urinalysis
ultra- Excess, Beyond
uni- One
ur/o Urine, Urinary tract
urethr/o Urethra
URI Upper Respiratory Infection
uria Urine
vagin/o Vagina
valvu/o Valve
vesic/o Bladder
hydr/o, aque/o Water
en-, endo-, intra- Within
xanth/o, jaund/o Yellow
xer/o Dry
radi/o X-ray