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Human science

Personality 1st year nursing student

What is Personality Personality is a particular pattern of behaviour and thinking prevailing across time and situations that differentiates one person from another
Personality types are different categories into which personality characteristics can be assigned based on factors such as developmental experiences
Personality traits is an enduring personal characteristic that reveals itself in a particular pattern of behaviour in a variety of situations. this implies consistency
Cardinal trait this is the trait that dominates and shapes a persons behaviour
Central Trait this is a general charachteristic found in some degree in every person
Secondary Trait these are characteristics seen only in certain circumstances(such as particluar likes or dislikes that a very close friend may know)
Source Traits Cornerstones on which every personality is build
Eysenck : 3 factors Extoversion,neuroticism and psychoticism
Costa, McCrae and Dye: 5 factors (super factors) Neuroticism,extroversion,openness,agreeableness and conscientiousness
Social congnitive theory on personality the idea that both consequences of behaviour and an individuals beliefs about those consequences determine personality
observational learning Bandura role modelling creates personality
Reciprocal determinism and self-efficacy Behaviour, environmental variables and cognitive variables interact to determine personality
Situationism is a view of personality that regards behaviour as mostly a function of the situation, not of internal traits. we create our own situations
Locus of control is an individuals beliefs that the consequences of his or her actions are controlled by internal or by external variables
psychodynamic approach to personality id, ego and superego - freud
Humanistic approach Theory developed by maslow is really a theory of motivation based on needs and Carl Rogers condition of worth how we see ourselves is the central to personality development
Created by: carolyn3057