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plant kingdom


Identify the common characteristics of all plants producers,eukaryotic,multicelled, don't self propell, have cell walls
producers make their own food during photosynthesis
What does photosynthesis require? chlorophyll
what is the formula for photosynthesis? H20 + co2 + sunlight------C6H12O6 + O2
eukaryotic have organelles with membranes around them
vascular plants have tubelike structures that carry water, nutrients,and other substances throughout the plant
nonvascular plants do not have these tubelike structures and use other ways to move water and substances
plants need to get, keep and transport water inside themselves
roots grow to water, so a plant gets water through these and transports it back to the plant stem
cuticle a clear waxy outer layer which keeps water from "osmosing" out of the plant (natures saran wrap)
pollen on land plant sperm has a protective coating called this
How does pollen move to an egg? by wind or pollinators (bees, birds, bats, beetles)
How do plants reproduce without water on land? pollen
How do plants reproduce in water? the plant sperm can swim to an egg
What did plants evolve/develop to have more of in order to help support them on land? cellulose in their cell walls
seedless plants can be non-vascular and vascular
seed bearing plants vascular
bryophyte seedless land plant that does not have vascular tissue- non-vascular
what are the common characteristics of bryophytes (seedless, non-vascular plants)? -lack vascular tissue, -moves material by diffusion or osmosis,-are only a few cells thick, -have no roots,stems or leaves, -have roo-like structures called rhizoids
rhizoids threadlike structures that anchor non-vascular plants where they grow
pioneer species the first species to live on new land or land disturbed by a natural disaster or man
name examples of seedless, non-vascular plant true mosses and liverworts
name examples of seedless, vascular plants ferns, horsetails, club and spike moss
what are common characteristics of seedless, vascular plants? -reproduces with spores and sperm and egg(sperm requires water to swim), -transports liquids (glucose, water & minerals)by vascular tissue, -have true roots,stems and leaves
what are the common characteristics of seed bearing plants? -reproduce seeds, -have roots, stems and leaves, - have vascular tissue
gymnosperms vascualr plants that produce seeds that are not protected by fruit
angiosperms vascular plants that flower and produce plants with one or more seeds
What are the 2 groups of seed bearing plants? gymnosperms and angiosperms
Angiosperms are divided into what two groups? monocots and dicots
What are the common characteristics of monocots ?(mono means one) They have: -one leaf, -flower parts in threes, - scattered vascular bundles, -veins in leaves are parallel
What are the common characteristics of dicots? (di means two) They have: -2 leaves, flower parts in fours (4's) or fives (5's), -vascular bundles in rings, - veins in leaves are net-like
Created by: graciec99