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Ch 16-17 Vocab

Chapters 16-17 key terms and people.

Henry the Navigator (1394-1460) Prince of Portugal,he helped promote exploration by Portuguese sailors.
Vasco da Gama Sailed around Africa and landed on India's coast.
Christopher Columbus (1451-1506) Italian sailor supported by the rulers of Spain, he reached the Americas in 1492.
Ferdinand Magellan (1480-1521)Portuguese sailor who sailed for Spain,his crew was the first to circumnavigate the world.
Circumnavigate To go all the way around.
Francis Drake (1540-1596) English sailor, he was sent to the Americas to steal gold and silver from Spanish ships.
Spanish Armada A large fleet of Spanish ships that was defeated by England in 1588.
Columbian Exchange The exchange of plants, animals, and ideas between the New World and the Old World.
Plantations Large farms.
Bartolome de las Casas A priest who said that the Spanish should convert the American Indians by being kind and gentle.
Racism The belief that some people are better than others be cause of racial traits,
Mercantilism A system in which the government all economic activity in a country and its colonies to make the government stronger and richer.
Balance of Trade The relationship of goods imported to goods exported.
Cottage Industry A system in which family members worked in their homes to make part of a product.
Atlas Collection of maps.
Capitalism An economic system in which individuals and private businesses run most industries.
Market Economy Individuals decide what goods and services they will buy.
Enlightenment A period when reason was used to guide people thoughts about society, politics, and philosophy.
Secular Non-religious.
Voltaire (1694-1778) French philosopher, he mocked government and religion in his writings.
Salon A social gathering held to share ideas.
Mary Wollstonecraft (1759-1797) British Writer, she argued women should have the same rights as men.
John Locke (1632-1704) English philosopher he thought that government was a contract between the ruler and the people.
Natural Rights The belief that people had rights to life, liberty, and property.
Charles-Louis Montesquieu (1689-1755) French Enlightenment thinker he believed that the government should be spit to protect peoples freedom.
Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1788) French philosopher, he believed in popular sovereignty and the social contract between citizens and the government.
Popular Sovereignty The idea that governments should express the will of the people.
Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790) American colonial leader, he argued that the British had no right to tax the colonist because the had no representative in Parliament.
Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826) American colonial leader and the author of the Declaration of Independence, he believed Britain had no right to govern colonies.
English Bill of Rights A document that listed rights for English people and Parliament.
Declaration of Independence A document that declared the American colonies independence from British rule.
Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen A document written in France listing rights for French citizens.
Created by: 603769