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Final Exam cards

What are the characteristics of a living thing cellular orgainization, chemicals of life, energy use, reproduction, growth and development, response to surroundings
What are the needs of a living thing food, water, living space, stable internal conditions
How do you write a scientific name First, you write the genus and the the species. The genus should be capitalized. The name should be italicized
What is taxonomy The study of how living things are classified
What are the levels of classification domain, kingdom, phylum, classes, order, family, genera, species
What is the difference between a stimulus and response A stimulus is a change in an organism's surroundings, while a response is how the organism reacts to the change
What is the difference between growth and development Growth is getting bigger while development is the changes an organism goes through to make it more complex.
What is the difference between a heterotroph and an autotroph An autotroph makes its own food while a heterotroph doesn't.
What two domains contain only Prokaryotes Archaea and Bacteria
What is the life cycle of an angiosperm An angiosperm produces flowers, eggs cells and pollen grains are created in the and anthers. Pollen grains are trapped on the stigma moved by an insect. The pollen tube grows and the sperm cells move through it and fertilizes the egg cells. becomes fruit
What structures to Amoeba, paramecium and euglena use to move Amoeba uses pseudopods, Euglena uses flagella, and paramecium use cilia.
What are the parts of the seed seed coat, embryo, cotyledon
What are the female parts of a flower ovary, stigma, style
What are the male parts of the flower anther, filament
What are the characterictics of angiosperms produce seeds enclosed in fruit
What is the function of fungi in the environment decompose food, provide food, cause diseases, fight diseases
What do fungi have in common with animals both heterotrophs, both Eukaryotes
What is the function of hyphae in Fungi breaks down food
what chemical is inside chloroplast chlorophyll
What are the products of photosynthesis glucose and oxygen
What are the reactants of photosyntheis water and carbon dioxide
What structure in the cell acts as a storage area for the cell vacuole
What is cellular respiration when a cell releases energy in the cytoplasm and mitochondria. It is a two step process. Glucose and oxygen are used.
What structure of the leaf allows oxygen and water vapor out and carbon dioxide out stomata
Why is the cuticle important to a plant it keeps water from evaporating out of the leaves
What structures inside a plant allow movement of materials Xylem and Phloem
What is the function of mitochondria to break down food and release energy
What is the function of the chloroplast to capture energy from sunlight
What are the two stages of respiration one occurs in cytoplasm where oxygen is not involved and the second occurs in the mitochondria where oxygen is involved
what structure releases the most amount of energy during respriation mitochondria
What is the Cell Theory Three statements composed by Schwann, Virchow, and Schleiden that says all living things are made of cells, cells are basic unitsof structure and function in living things, and all cells are produced from other cells.
What are examples of passive transport osmosis and diffusion
What is the difference between active transport and passive transport Active transport recquires energy while passive transport does not
What are examples of active transport englufing, transport proteins
What happens in Prophase spindle fibers appear, nucleur membrane absorbed, centrioles move to opposite sides of the cell
What happens in Metaphase spindle fibers hook on to centromeers, chromatids move to center of cell
What happens in Anaphase Spindle fibers pull centromeers, cell pinches inward
What happens in telophase cell continues to pinch inward, chromatids lenghten, nucleus reforms
How does meiosis differ from mitosis in mitosis chromosomes duplicate, while in meiosis only half the cells are used
Why does a reproductive cell only have half the chromosomes as a regular cell it will meet up with another sex cell to make a full set of chromosomes
what is cross pollination when pollination involves two plants
what is self pollination when pollination involves one plant
How do nitrogen pairs join in DNA They are joined with the same gene some recessive, some dominant
How do you complete a punett square put the one combination of genes on the top and the other combo on the bottom. Fill the square in like a multiplication table
What is the difference bewteen a gene, a chromosome, and DNA chromosomes are made of genes, and genes are made of DNA
What shape is DNA a double helix
What is the difference between a genotype and a phenotype phenotypes are physical traits while genotypes are genetic makeups
what is a carrier heterozygous genotype that carries the recessive trait, but doesn't express it
What is the difference between a purebred and a hybrid a purebred has two dominant or two recessive genes while hybrids have one of each
what is the genotype for a male XY
what is the genotype for a female XX
What is a sex-linked trait a trait that is found only on the x chromosome
Created by: dcb